Mary Wohltmann

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Mutations in the PLA2G6 gene, which encodes group VIA calcium-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA(2)beta), were recently identified in patients with infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy (INAD) and neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation. A pathological hallmark of these childhood neurodegenerative diseases is the presence of distinctive spheroids in distal(More)
Mouse macrophages undergo ER stress and apoptosis upon free cholesterol loading (FCL). We recently generated iPLA(2)beta-null mice, and here we demonstrate that iPLA(2)beta-null macrophages have reduced sensitivity to FCL-induced apoptosis, although they and wild-type (WT) cells exhibit similar increases in the transcriptional regulator CHOP.(More)
We found a differential postnatal development of mu and delta opiate receptors. Mu receptors labelled with low concentrations of [3H]naloxone appeared to develop earlier than did delta receptors labelled with [3H]D-Ala2-D-Leu5-enkephalin (0.5 nM). Competition binding studies also revealed a delayed appearance of delta receptors (day 12 postnatal).
Calcium-independent phospholipase A(2) group VIA (iPLA(2)β) releases docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) from phospholipids in vitro. Mutations in the iPLA(2)β gene, PLA2G6, are associated with dystonia-parkinsonism and infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy. To understand the role of iPLA(2)β in brain, we applied our in vivo kinetic method using radiolabeled DHA in 4 to(More)
Phospholipases A(2) (PLA(2)) play important roles in metabolic processes, and the Group VI PLA(2) family is comprised of intracellular enzymes that do not require Ca(2+) for catalysis. Mice deficient in Group VIA PLA(2) (iPLA(2)beta) develop more severe glucose intolerance than wild-type (WT) mice in response to dietary stress. Group VIB PLA(2)(More)
The Group VIA Phospholipase A(2) (iPLA(2)beta) is the first recognized cytosolic Ca(2+)-independent PLA(2) and has been proposed to participate in arachidonic acid (20:4) incorporation into glycerophosphocholine lipids, cell proliferation, exocytosis, apoptosis, and other processes. To study iPLA(2)beta functions, we disrupted its gene by homologous(More)
Studies with genetically modified insulinoma cells suggest that group VIA phospholipase A(2) (iPLA(2)beta) participates in amplifying glucose-induced insulin secretion. INS-1 insulinoma cells that overexpress iPLA(2)beta, for example, exhibit amplified insulin-secretory responses to glucose and cAMP-elevating agents. To determine whether similar effects(More)
Phospholipases A(2) (PLA(2)) hydrolyze the sn-2 fatty acid substituent, such as arachidonic acid, from phospholipids, and arachidonate metabolites are recognized mediators of bone modeling. We have previously generated knockout (KO) mice lacking the group VIA PLA(2) (iPLA(2)beta), which participates in a variety of signaling events; iPLA(2)beta mRNA is(More)
Group VIA phospholipase A(2) (iPLA(2)β) in pancreatic islet β-cells participates in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum ATPase (SERCA) inhibitor-induced apoptosis, and both are attenuated by pharmacologic or genetic reductions in iPLA(2)β activity and amplified by iPLA(2)β overexpression. While exploring signaling events(More)
Recent evidence supports a regulatory role for the calcium-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2) in the antiviral response of inducible nitric-oxide synthase (iNOS) expression by macrophages. Because two mammalian isoforms of iPLA2 (iPLA2beta and iPLA2gamma) have been cloned and characterized, the aim of this study was to identify the specific isoform(s) in(More)