Learn More
The expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein isoform 2 (mrp2), the ATP-dependent export pump that mediates the transport of glucuronic acid-, glutathione-, and sulfate-conjugated derivatives, was studied in rat small intestine. The small intestine was divided into nine equal segments, and mrp2 content was analyzed in homogenate and brush border(More)
Estradiol-17beta-D-glucuronide (E(2)17G), an endogenous metabolite of estradiol, induces a potent dose-dependent and reversible inhibition of bile flow in the rat. We analyzed the effect of a single dose of E(2)17G (15 micromol/kg, intravenously) to female rats on bile flow and the endocytic retrieval and function of the canalicular multidrug(More)
Endocytic internalization of the multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2) was previously suggested to be involved in estradiol-17beta-D-glucuronide (E217G)-induced cholestasis. Here we evaluated in the rat whether a similar phenomenon occurs with the bile salt export pump (Bsep) and the ability of DBcAMP to prevent it. E217G (15 micromol/kg i.v.)(More)
Although substantial evidence indicates that estradiol-17 beta (E2) is conjugated to the glucuronide in the kidney and then excreted by a direct tubular secretory route and that the liver transports E2 glucuronides via carrier-mediated mechanisms, the transporters involved in these processes have not been identified. The so-called "organic(More)
We analyzed the expression of multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (mrp2) in the small intestine of control female rats and in rats during late pregnancy (19-20 days of pregnancy) and lactation (2-4, 10-14, and 21 days after delivery). Western blot analysis was performed on brush-border membranes prepared from different regions of the small intestine.(More)
Oxidative stress in heart and brain by the cancer chemotherapeutic drug adriamycin (ADR), used for treating solid tumors, is well established. Long-term treatment with ADR in breast cancer patients has led to symptoms of cardiomyopathy. Less well recognized, but increasingly well documented, is cognitive dysfunction. After chemotherapy, free(More)
Injury to nontargeted tissues in chemotherapy often complicates cancer treatment by limiting therapeutic dosages of anticancer drugs and by impairing the quality of life of patients during and after treatment. Oxidative stress, directly or indirectly caused by chemotherapeutics as exemplified by doxorubicin, is one of the underlying mechanisms of the(More)
UNLABELLED The endogenous estradiol metabolite estradiol 17beta-D-glucuronide (E(2)17G) induces an acute cholestasis in rat liver coincident with retrieval of the canalicular transporters bile salt export pump (Bsep, Abcc11) and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (Mrp2, Abcc2) and their associated loss of function. We assessed the participation of(More)
The multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2; ABCC2) is an ATP-binding cassette transporter accepting a diverse range of substrates, including glutathione, glucuronide, and sulfate conjugates of many endo- and xenobiotics. MRP2 generally performs excretory or protective roles, and it is expressed on the apical domain of hepatocytes, enterocytes of the proximal(More)
Adriamycin (ADR), a potent anti-tumor agent, produces reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cardiac tissue. Treatment with ADR is dose-limited by cardiotoxicity. However, the effect of ADR in the other tissues, including the brain, is unclear because ADR does not pass the blood-brain barrier. Some cancer patients receiving ADR treatment develop a transient(More)