BACKGROUND Ciprofloxacin-resistant Campylobacter jejuni isolates obtained from infected patients in Australia have not been detected in studies of isolates from specific geographic areas. The Australian government has prohibited the use of fluoroquinolone in food-producing animals. To assess the impact of this policy, we have examined the antimicrobial… (More)
Campylobacter is a common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in Australia. Antibiotic resistance among Campylobacter is an emerging problem in Europe and the United States of America. Monitoring may detect emerging resistance. Since there is no epidemiologically validated subtyping system for Campylobacter, antimicrobial resistance patterns may prove useful… (More)
The lipopolysaccharide (O) and flagellar (H) surface antigens of Escherichia coli are targets for serotyping that have traditionally been used to identify pathogenic lineages. These surface antigens are important for the survival of E. coli within mammalian hosts. However, traditional serotyping has several limitations, and public health reference… (More)
22" ! 23" The lipopolysaccharide (O) and flagellar (H) surface antigens of Escherichia coli are targets 24" for serotyping that have traditionally been used to identify pathogenic lineages of E. coli. As 25" serotyping has several limitations, public health reference laboratories are increasingly 26" moving towards whole genome sequencing (WGS) for the… (More)
30. CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license not peer-reviewed) is the author/funder. It is made available under a The copyright holder for this preprint (which was .
BACKGROUND Antimicrobial resistance is a major issue in the Shigellae, particularly as a specific multidrug-resistant (MDR) lineage of Shigella sonnei (lineage III) is becoming globally dominant. Ciprofloxacin is a recommended treatment for Shigella infections. However, ciprofloxacin-resistant S. sonnei are being increasingly isolated in Asia and… (More)