Mary Strasberg-Rieber

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BACKGROUND Most breast cancers express the estrogen receptor alpha (ERα(+)), harbor wt TP53, depend on estrogen/ERK signalling for proliferation, and respond to anti-estrogens. However, concomittant activation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/MEK pathway promotes resistance by decreasing estrogen dependence. Previously, we showed that(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases, like MMP-2 and MMP-9 gelatinases, show multiple functions as extracellular/cell-surface enzymes, and are broadly recognised for their matrix-degrading ability and involvement in cell motility. Given that adherent cells have reduced attachment during migration and also detach from their substratum during apoptosis, we now(More)
Hypoxia is part of the tumor microenvironment favoring cancer resistance to chemotherapy mediated by mutations in the tumor suppressor p53 gene (TP53), or by conformational wt TP53 dysfunction. Since it is important to suppress tumor adaptation to hypoxia, irrespective of p53 status, we compared the efficacy of nutlin-3 which prevents MDM2-wt p53(More)
HIGHLIGHTS BACKGROUND Cu/Zn superoxide dismutases (SODs) like the extracellular SOD3 and cytoplasmic SOD1 regulate cell proliferation by generating hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). This pro-oxidant inactivates essential cysteine residues in protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTP) helping receptor tyrosine kinase activation by growth factor signaling, and further(More)
Full length Mcl-1 is an anti-apoptotic protein consisting of two closely migrating 42/40kDa species. We now investigated the relationship of these isoforms to the expression of cell cycle stimulatory (cyclin A) and inhibitory (p21WAF1) proteins and to the induction of apoptosis in wt p53 MCF-7 and mutant p53 SKBR3 human breast carcinomas. The latter cells(More)
Dominant-negative (DN) p53 mutations in the tumor suppressor p53 gene partly contribute to human cancer progression by inactivating the remaining wild type allele. Since tumor cells face glucose and growth factor shortage when growing distant from sites of vascularization, we used genetically-matched human C8161 melanoma harbouring wt p53 or a(More)
Constitutive ERK activation, superoxide dismutases (SOD) and p53 mutations are implicated in modulating tumor apoptotic response. We now investigated whether human melanoma survival in response to sodium nitroprusside (SNP) is modulated by: (a) stable introduction of a DN-mutant p53; (b) pharmacologically inhibiting ERK activation with UO126; (c) addition(More)
Tumor-suppressor-gene products such as p53 and retinoblastoma (Rb) play an important role as negative regulators of cell-cycle progression, which is reciprocally favored by the availability of cyclin D1 and the E2F transcription factor. We now show that UV irradiation of B16 melanoma after prior exposure to the radiation sensitizer, bromodeoxyuridine (BUdR)(More)
We demonstrated that exogenous pyruvate promotes survival under glucose depletion in aerobic mutant p53 (R175H) human melanoma cells. Others subsequently indicated that mutant p53 tumor cells undergo p53 degradation and cell death under aerobic glucose-free conditions. Since glucose starvation occurs in hypoxic gradients of poorly vascularized tumors, we(More)