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Models as Mediators: Perspectives on Natural and Social Science
TLDR
Models as Mediators discusses the ways in which models function in modern science, particularly in the fields of physics and economics. Expand
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Models as Mediating Instruments
Models are one of the critical instruments of modern science. We know that models function in a variety of different ways within the sciences to help us to learn not only about theories but alsoExpand
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Case Studies: One Observation or Many? Justification or Discovery?
Critiques of case studies as an epistemic genre usually focus on the domain of justification and hinge on comparisons with statistics and laboratory experiments. In this domain, case studies can beExpand
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Model Experiments and Models in Experiments
TLDR
This paper explores how model-based reasoning might be characterized in terms of making experiments, and compares these experiments with two other kinds of experiments. Expand
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Experiments versus models: New phenomena, inference and surprise
A comparison of models and experiments supports the argument that although both function as mediators and can be understood to work in an experimental mode, experiments offer greater epistemic powerExpand
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Learning from Models
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The Probabilistic revolution
TLDR
Despite the controversy that often surrounds scientific revolutions, such as the Copernican revolution in astronomy or the Freudian revolution in psychology, one usually finds a general consensus among historians about certain basic issues concerning them; there is rarely any dispute about the principal individuals involved, or the specific discipline undergoing change, and the relevant period of time during which that change took place. Expand
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