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BACKGROUND Adhesions after abdominal and pelvic surgery are important complications, although their basic epidemiology is unclear. We investigated the frequency of such complications in the general population to provide a basis for the targeting and assessment of new adhesion-prevention measures. METHODS We used validated data from the Scottish National(More)
PURPOSE Postoperative adhesions are a significant problem after colorectal surgery. However, the basic epidemiology and clinical burden are unknown. The Surgical and Clinical Adhesions Research Study has investigated the scale of the problem in a population of 5 million. METHODS Validated data from the Scottish National Health Service Medical Record(More)
Mounting evidence highlights that adhesions are now the most frequent complication of abdominopelvic surgery, yet many surgeons are still not aware of the extent of the problem and its serious consequences. While many patients go through life without apparent problems, adhesions are the major cause of small bowel obstruction and a leading cause of(More)
OBJECTIVE The Surgical and Clinical Adhesions Research (SCAR) and SCAR-2 studies demonstrated that the burden of adhesions following lower abdominal surgery is considerable and appears to remain unchanged despite advances in strategies to prevent adhesions. In this study, we assessed the adhesion-related readmission risk directly associated with common(More)
The biochemical, virologic, and histologic spectrum of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in 66 consecutive patients with HIV-HCV coinfection and 119 HCV controls was compared: 86% of coinfected patients had CD4 counts >200 cells/mm3, 51% had a normal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) value, the mean HCV RNA titer was 5.7 log IU/mL, 92% of coinfected patients were of(More)
OBJECTIVES Adhesions are associated with serious medical complications. This study examines the real-time burden of adhesion-related readmissions following colorectal surgery and assesses the impact of previous surgery on adhesion-related outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS The study used data from the Scottish National Health Service Medical Record Linkage(More)
Small bowel obstruction is a significant surgical problem and is commonly caused by postoperative adhesions. Patients suffering from this condition are often difficult to assess and require careful evaluation and management. Articles regarding the diagnosis, evaluation and management of small bowel obstruction have been identified from the Ovid, Embase and(More)
This study reviews the early clinical experience with the Birmingham Hip resurfacing system (Smith & Nephew, Memphis, Tenn) in the United States since its approval by the FDA. A total of 230 patients were followed for a mean of 16 months (range, 6 months). There was a significant improvement in the mean preoperative Oxford hip score at the latest follow-up(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection is common in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The mortality associated with HIV has decreased dramatically with the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). However, the impact of HAART, including protease inhibitors (PIs), nucleoside reverse-transcriptase(More)
Situs inversus is a rare congenital anomaly wherein the normal, left-right organ location is inverted. The anatomical inversion (heterotaxy) is usually detected in routine radiography or other medical interventions. A 5-month-old Holstein heifer calf was identified as a suspected situs inversus totalis during abdominal surgery. Following surgery the calf(More)