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BACKGROUND Neuroimaging studies of early-onset bipolar disorder (BD) are important in order to establish a fuller understanding of the underlying pathophysiology of the illness. The advantages of studying BD in children and adolescents include the relative absence of some confounds present in adult-onset research, such as lengthy duration of illness and(More)
BACKGROUND Basal ganglia (BG) enlargement has been found in studies of adults with bipolar disorder (BPD), while the few studies of BPD youths have had mixed findings. The BG (caudate, putamen, globus pallidus, nucleus accumbens) is interconnected with limbic and prefrontal cortical structures and therefore may be implicated in BPD. METHODS Sixty-eight(More)
OBJECTIVE To our knowledge, this is the first published case report of an adolescent girl with a mitochondrial disorder and depression who displayed both new-onset psychotic and increased mood symptoms during treatment with risperidone. DATA A 16-year-old girl was treated with risperidone for mood lability and impulsivity at a community hospital. Within(More)
Youth ages 15 to 25 constitute a discrete category—transition age youth—due to their unique developmental issues in comparison to younger adolescents and adults [7–9]. Some authors argue for the creation of the youth mental health specialist to address these issues [10]. Young adults are at the older end of the transitional age range. Extending child and(More)
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