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Cochlear stria vascularis contains melanin-producing intermediate cells that play a critical role in the production of the endocochlear potential (EP) and in maintaining the high levels of K(+) that normally exist in scala media. The melanin produced by intermediate cells can be exported to the intrastrial space, where it may be taken up by strial marginal(More)
NOD/ShiLtJ (previously NOD/LtJ) inbred mice show polygenic autoimmune disease and are commonly used to model autoimmune-related type I diabetes, as well as Sjogren's syndrome. They also show rapidly progressing hearing loss, partly due to the combined effects of Cdh23ahl and Ahl2. Congenic NOD.NON-H2nb1/LtJ mice, which carry corrective alleles within the H2(More)
Using data on ocean circulation with a Lagrangian larval transport model, we modeled the potential dispersal distances for seven species of bathyal invertebrates whose durations of larval life have been estimated from laboratory rearing, MOCNESS plankton sampling, spawning times, and recruitment. Species associated with methane seeps in the Gulf of Mexico(More)
We present a patient with the combination of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), large omphalocele, and hypoplastic left bronchus who underwent a modified Norwood procedure and was successfully discharged home. The child required tracheostomy with home ventilation and we elected to delay the primary repair of the omphalocele. To our knowledge, this is(More)
Molecular phylogenetics suggests that the Sipuncula fall into the Annelida, although they are morphologically very distinct and lack segmentation. To understand the evolutionary transformations from the annelid to the sipunculan body plan, it is important to reconstruct the ancestral states within the respective clades at all life history stages. Here we(More)
The sipunculan worm Aspidosiphon brocki reproduces asexually by transverse fision into two unequal parts, the smaller part comprising the posterior fifth of the animal. Prior to fission each part regenerates the structures essential to the formation of a new individual. The smaller posterior part (daughter) regenerates an anterior body, including introvert,(More)
Sipuncula is an ancient clade of unsegmented marine worms that develop through a conserved pattern of unequal quartet spiral cleavage. They exhibit putative character modifications, including conspicuously large first-quartet micromeres and prototroch cells, postoral metatroch with exclusive locomotory function, paired retractor muscles and terminal organ(More)
Sipuncula is a relatively small taxon with roughly 150 recognized species. Many species are geographically widespread or "cosmopolitan." The pelagosphera larvae of some species are estimated to spend several months in the plankton. However, recent molecular evidence suggests that many of the "cosmopolitan" species actually represent species-complexes, some(More)
The terminal organ, a structure enabling pelagosphera larvae of Sipuncula to form temporary attachments to substrata, was examined behaviorally and with light and electron microscopy for larvae of Golfingia misakiana, collected from the Florida Current. The terminal organ appears as a retractile rounded knob with a short neck joining the posterior extremity(More)