Mary Renee Prater

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Chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease are the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Although the metabolic syndrome has been defined in various ways, the ultimate importance of recognizing this combination of disorders is that it helps identify individuals at high risk for both type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular(More)
BACKGROUND The developmental environment is thought to determine, in part, lifelong metabolic parameters and risk of adult disease. Effects of maternal malnutrition on fetal growth have been studied extensively, and the role of poor prenatal diet in elevating lifelong risk of cardiovascular and metabolic disease has been well characterized(More)
Traditional techniques for quantification of murine fetal skeletal development (gross measurements, clear-staining) are severely limited by specimen processing, soft tissue presence, diffuse staining, and unclear landmarks between which to make measurements. Nondestructive microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) imaging is a versatile, well-documented tool(More)
INTRODUCTION Pregnancy may be complicated by maternal diabetes. The following experiments were performed in an attempt to produce mouse models of insulin-resistant maternal diabetes. METHODS CD1 females received 200 mg/kg streptozocin (STZ) to model insulin-dependent diabetes (T1 group). Another group of females (T2 group) was put on a HFD 4 weeks before(More)
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a commonly encountered disorder of mid to late pregnancy that is characterized by hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and impaired glucose tolerance. Gestational diabetes mellitus is thought to be multifactorial in origin and derives from both genetic and environmental factors. However, the mechanisms underlying GDM are(More)
BACKGROUND Our present work joins growing evidence that gestational environment (maternal nutrition, health, and chemical exposures) strongly influences prenatal development (www.thebarkertheory.org). The present study suggests that maternal consumption of a diet high in saturated fats (HFD), which approximates the macronutrient content of fast food,(More)
The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been increasing in the general population, and there is concern that close or physical contact, such as in professional and collegiate sports, may increase spread of MRSA. We sought to determine the prevalence of MRSA colonization of male and female athletes from 9 different sports at(More)
For unknown reasons, non-specific stimulation of the maternal immune system in pregnant mice has what appears to be a broad-spectrum efficacy for reducing birth defects. Immune stimulation by diverse procedures has proven effective, including footpad injection with Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA), intraperitoneal (IP) injection with inert particles to(More)
Maternal oxidative balance and immune health impact both placental and fetal developments. The alkylating agent methylnitrosourea (MNU) increases placental oxidative stress and alters fetal development; the proposed mechanism is placental inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and cell loss resulting in reduced fetal-maternal circulation and fetal hypoxia.(More)
Immunomodulatory effects of single topical exposure to permethrin were evaluated in 5-week-old female C57BL/6N mice. Mice exposed to 5-25 microl permethrin (equivalent to 220-1100 mg/kg body weight) on shaved interscapular skin were evaluated for altered body weight; splenic and thymic organ weight and cellularity; thymocyte cell surface expression,(More)