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The radical response of peripheral nerves to injury (Wallerian degeneration) is the cornerstone of nerve repair. We show that activation of the transcription factor c-Jun in Schwann cells is a global regulator of Wallerian degeneration. c-Jun governs major aspects of the injury response, determines the expression of trophic factors, adhesion molecules, the(More)
The recombinant rat P2X(5) (rP2X(5)) receptor, a poorly understood ATP-gated ion channel, was studied under voltage-clamp conditions and compared with the better understood homomeric rP2X(1) receptor with which it may coexist in vivo. Expressed in defolliculated Xenopus laevis oocytes, rP2X(5) responded to ATP with slowly desensitizing inward currents that,(More)
To isolate new zinc finger genes expressed at early stages of peripheral nerve development, we have used PCR to amplify conserved zinc finger sequences. RNA from rat embryonic day 12 and 13 sciatic nerves, a stage when nerves contain Schwann cell precursors, was used to identify several genes not previously described in Schwann cells. One of them, zinc(More)
The recombinant rat P2X5 (rP2X5) receptor, a poorly understood ATP-gated ion channel, was studied under voltageclamp conditions and compared with the better understood homomeric rP2X1 receptor with which it may coexist in vivo. Expressed in defolliculated Xenopus laevis oocytes, rP2X5 responded to ATP with slowly desensitizing inward currents that, for(More)
The transcription factor Krox-20 (Egr2) is a master regulator of Schwann cell myelination. In mice from which calcineurin B had been excised in cells of the neural crest lineage, calcineurin-nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) signaling was required for neuregulin-related Schwann cell myelination (Kao et al. [2009] Immunity 12:359-372). Whether NFAT(More)
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