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This document presents key findings from the heavy-truck field operational test conducted as part of the Integrated Vehicle-Based Safety Systems program. These findings are the result of analyses performed by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute to examine the effect of a prototype integrated crash warning system on driving behavior(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop an observational instrument that describes the ability of physical environments of institutional settings to address therapeutic goals for persons with dementia. METHODS A National Institute on Aging workgroup identified and subsequently revised items that evaluated exit control, maintenance, cleanliness, safety, orientation/cueing,(More)
The HIV-Related Fatigue Scale (HRFS) was developed to address the specific aspects of fatigue experienced by people who are HIV-positive and are not measured in any commonly used fatigue scale. The necessity for a new scale was determined after analysis of a qualitative study to explore HIV-related fatigue in which it was found that HIV-related fatigue has(More)
BACKGROUND Traditionally, patients have been considered incapable of evaluating the quality of care they receive, leading to their minimal involvement. OBJECTIVE To develop the Patient's Assessment of Quality Scale--Acute Care Version (PAQS-ACV) to provide a mechanism through which patients can evaluate meaningfully the nursing care they receive. (More)
To more precisely measure the mechanical properties of the lung periphery in asthma, we have developed a forced oscillation technique that applies a broad-band flow signal through a wedged bronchoscope. We interpreted the data from four healthy and eight mildly asthmatic subjects in terms of an anatomically accurate computer model of the wedged segment.(More)
INTRODUCTION The Ramsay scale which is internationally one of the most frequently cited sedation assessment tools has not had adequate psychometric evaluation. The objective of this study was to test the inter-rater reliability of the Ramsay scale. METHODS This study was based on a prospective, single-blinded randomized design targeted to provide a(More)
Genetic testing has grown dramatically in the past decade and is becoming an integral part of health care. Genetic nondiscrimination laws have been passed in many states, and the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) was passed at the federal level in 2008. These laws generally protect individuals from discrimination by health insurers or(More)
Nursing staff are often scheduled to work long shifts, rotate between day and night shifts, and work overtime to help hospitals ensure delivery of care to patients around the clock, as well as provide nurses work-life balance by giving them more " leisure " or free time away from work. These schedules, now commonplace in hospitals, may unfortunately result(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to examine outcomes from 10 years of research on a post-baccalaureate new graduate nurse residency program and to report lessons learned. BACKGROUND Transition to practice programs are recommended by the Future of Nursing report, the Carnegie Foundation study, the Joint Commission, and the National Council of State(More)