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Younger (24- to 39-year-old) and older (60- to 88-year-old) adults learned a list of vocabulary words; one half of the words were studied using a generally more powerful strategy (mnemonic keyword method), and one half mediated with a less powerful approach (generating semantic contexts). Before using these strategies as part of the experiment, neither(More)
Reports on the course of memory-monitoring skills across adulthood are discrepant in conclusions and limited in scope. The purpose of this study was to build a large data base (3 samples and 7 different tasks) to assess performance awareness. Younger (19-41 years) and older (59-93 years) Ss estimated performance either before (i.e., predictions) or after(More)
  • S E Israel, G G Duffy, +57 authors R D Kieffer
  • 2009
Die Koppelung von sozialer Herkunft und Schulerleistung im internationalen Vergleich [The linkage of social background and achievement—an international perspective].efficacy beliefs as determinants of job satisfaction and students' academic achievement: A study at the school level. (2007b). How and why do teacher credentials matter for student achievement?(More)
The main purposes of this study were (a) to isolate monitoring of test performance from other forms of monitoring and (b) to determine the effect of taking a test on expectations about future performance. Children in grades 1-2, 4-5, and 7-8 were administered a vocabulary test. They either predicted their performance on tests like the one that was(More)
Children in Grades 4 through 6 read concrete sentences that they were asked to learn. Half the subjects were instructed to construct images representing the sentence meanings. The remaining participants were provided no strategy instructions (control condition). Individual differences in short-term memory were more highly associated with performance in the(More)
The main purpose of the two experiments reported here was to compare the potency of two types of elaboration on children's learning of sentence content: The effects of partial picture adjuncts were compared to the effects produced by answering "why"-questions about the relationships specified in the sentences. Five- to seven-year-old children heard(More)
The specification of Gaussian processes is discussed in the context of missing and/or asynchronous data for financial asset returns. The need for modeling asset returns from a multivariate perspective with the capability of handling missing data is addressed. An algorithm which incorporates all available price information is developed and applied to the(More)
and the facilitation of knowing. (2003). Cerebral white matter abnormalities and lifetime cognitive change : A 67 year follow-up of the Scotlish mental A theoretical account of encoding and retrieval processes in the use of imagery-based mnemonics techniques: The special case of the keyword method. Dillingofski, M.S. (1980). The effects of imposed and(More)
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