Learn More
The precursor of non-amyloid beta protein component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NACP/alpha-synuclein) is aggregated and fibrillated under certain conditions, i.e., increasing time lag, high temperature and low pH. These in vitro aggregates form Thioflavine-S-positive filamentous structures, reminiscent of amyloid-like fibrils. Since some Lewy bodies in(More)
The precursor of the non-Abeta component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NACP) (also known as a-synuclein) is a presynaptic terminal molecule that accumulates in the plaques of Alzheimer's disease. Recent studies have shown that a mutation in NACP is associated with familial Parkinson's disease, and that Lewy bodies are immunoreactive with antibodies(More)
Fibroblasts that harbor an antisense construct of amyloid beta protein precursor (ABPP) cDNA, A-1, produced less ABPP mRNA and ABPP and grew poorly. Normal growth was restored when either parent cell conditioned medium (CM) or purified ABPP was provided. The capacity of the CM to restore cell growth was abolished by passage through an anti-ABPP(More)
The precursor of non-amyloid beta protein component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NACP/alpha-synuclein), found in Lewy bodies of Parkinson's disease (PD), is a presynaptic protein genetically linked to some familial types PD. Mechanisms of abnormal NACP/alpha-synuclein aggregation in neurodegenerative diseases are unclear. Since oxidative stress might(More)
The non-Abeta component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NAC) is copurified with amyloid from the brain tissue of Alzheimer's disease victims and is immunohistochemically localized to amyloid fibrils. NAC is a hydrophobic peptide fragment from the NAC precursor protein (NACP/alpha-synuclein) that is localized to presynaptic terminals. We used a polymorphic(More)
The secreted form (sAPP) of the Alzheimer amyloid beta/A4 protein precursor (APP) has been shown to be involved in the in vitro regulation of fibroblast growth and neurite extension from neuronal cells. The active site of sAPP responsible for these functions is within a small domain just C-terminal to the Kunitz-type protease inhibitor (KPI) insertion site.(More)
Both protein kinases and phosphoprotein phosphatases are important components of signal transduction systems in cells. Recent studies in Alzheimer's disease (AD) have shown abnormal protein phosphorylation in the cortex suggesting an alteration in these enzymes. In the present study, an antibody against CD45 was used to analyze the status of this protein(More)
NACP, the precursor of non-A beta component of Alzheimer's disease (AD) amyloid (NAC), is a synaptic protein that could potentially be involved in AD. We studied, by dot-blot, NACP levels in the frontal cortex of AD cases staged according to severity of disease and correlated them with cognitive performance and neuropathological markers. Early AD cases(More)
The secreted form of Alzheimer amyloid beta/A4 protein precursor (APP) has been shown to be involved in cell growth regulation (Saitoh, T., Sundsmo, M., Roch, J.-M., Kimura, N., Cole, G., Schubert, D., Oltersdorf, T., and Schenk, D.B. (1989) Cell 58, 615-622). Using a strong prokaryotic expression system, we expressed, in Escherichia coli, peptide fragments(More)