Learn More
Fibroblasts that harbor an antisense construct of amyloid beta protein precursor (ABPP) cDNA, A-1, produced less ABPP mRNA and ABPP and grew poorly. Normal growth was restored when either parent cell conditioned medium (CM) or purified ABPP was provided. The capacity of the CM to restore cell growth was abolished by passage through an anti-ABPP(More)
The growth of A-1 fibroblasts depends on exogenous amyloid ~/A4 protein precursor (APP), providing a simple bioassay to study the function of APP. Our preliminary study, testing the activity of a series of fragments derived from the secreted form of APP-695 (sAPP-695) on this bioassay, has shown that at least one of the active sites of sAPP-695 was(More)
The precursor of the non-Abeta component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NACP) (also known as a-synuclein) is a presynaptic terminal molecule that accumulates in the plaques of Alzheimer's disease. Recent studies have shown that a mutation in NACP is associated with familial Parkinson's disease, and that Lewy bodies are immunoreactive with antibodies(More)
The secreted form (sAPP) of the Alzheimer amyloid beta/A4 protein precursor (APP) has been shown to be involved in the in vitro regulation of fibroblast growth and neurite extension from neuronal cells. The active site of sAPP responsible for these functions is within a small domain just C-terminal to the Kunitz-type protease inhibitor (KPI) insertion site.(More)
NACP, the precursor of non-A beta component of Alzheimer's disease (AD) amyloid (NAC), is a synaptic protein that could potentially be involved in AD. We studied, by dot-blot, NACP levels in the frontal cortex of AD cases staged according to severity of disease and correlated them with cognitive performance and neuropathological markers. Early AD cases(More)
The precursor of non-amyloid beta protein component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NACP/alpha-synuclein), found in Lewy bodies of Parkinson's disease (PD), is a presynaptic protein genetically linked to some familial types PD. Mechanisms of abnormal NACP/alpha-synuclein aggregation in neurodegenerative diseases are unclear. Since oxidative stress might(More)
Clonal central nervous system neuronal cells, B103, do not synthesize detectable endogenous APP or APLP. B103 cells transfected with both wild-type (B103/APP) and mutant APP construct (B103/APP delta NL) secreted comparable amounts of soluble forms of APP (sAPP). B103/APP cells produced sAPP and cleaved at amyloid beta/A4 (A beta) 16, the alpha-secretase(More)
The precursor of non-amyloid beta protein component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NACP/alpha-synuclein) is aggregated and fibrillated under certain conditions, i.e., increasing time lag, high temperature and low pH. These in vitro aggregates form Thioflavine-S-positive filamentous structures, reminiscent of amyloid-like fibrils. Since some Lewy bodies in(More)
Both protein kinases and phosphoprotein phosphatases are important components of signal transduction systems in cells. Recent studies in Alzheimer's disease (AD) have shown abnormal protein phosphorylation in the cortex suggesting an alteration in these enzymes. In the present study, an antibody against CD45 was used to analyze the status of this protein(More)
The non-Abeta component of Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NAC) is copurified with amyloid from the brain tissue of Alzheimer's disease victims and is immunohistochemically localized to amyloid fibrils. NAC is a hydrophobic peptide fragment from the NAC precursor protein (NACP/alpha-synuclein) that is localized to presynaptic terminals. We used a polymorphic(More)