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OBJECTIVES People in lower socio-economic groups are more likely to experience disability and cognitive impairments at earlier ages than those in higher status groups. As a result, the need for nursing home care would be expected to be greater among older people of lower socio-economic status. This study examines the effects of income and education on the(More)
We explored the relationship between nurse burnout and ratings of quality of care in 53,846 nurses from six countries. In this secondary analysis, we used data from the International Hospital Outcomes Study; data were collected from 1998 to 2005. The Maslach Burnout Inventory and a single-item reflecting nurse-rated quality of care were used in multiple(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effect of hospital work environments on hospital outcomes across multiple countries. DESIGN Primary survey data using a common instrument were collected from separate cross sections of 98 116 bedside care nurses practising in 1406 hospitals in 9 countries between 1999 and 2009. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Nurse burnout and job(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of cool dialysate on the urea reduction ratio (URR) in high efficiency haemodialysis have not been completely studied. After reviewing the literature, it appeared that patients' perceptions of cool dialysis have not been studied. Since patients' perception have an impact on patient satisfaction, this motivated the authors to research(More)
AIM To ascertain how new funding arrangements, introduced in New Zealand's 2001 Primary Health Care (PHC) Strategy, have impacted on the expansion of nurses' role in general practice. BACKGROUND Nurses are central to the new policy that was designed to improve the health status of New Zealanders and reduce inequalities in health. Nurses were to be a(More)
INTRODUCTION Teamwork in primary health care has been encouraged in New Zealand and in the international literature. It may improve work satisfaction for staff, and satisfaction and outcomes for patients. Teamwork may be classified as being multi-, inter- or transdisciplinary and is likely to be influenced by the nature of the work and the organisational(More)
AIMS To determine the rates and costs of nurse turnover, the relationships with staffing practises, and the impacts on outcomes for nurses and patients. BACKGROUND In the context of nursing shortages, information on the rates and costs of nursing turnover can improve nursing staff management and quality of care. METHODS Quantitative and qualitative data(More)
Many nurses are burned out, exhausted and have a high intent to leave their jobs. These factors, when experienced over a period of time, are consistent with the development of mental illness. This study takes a collective autoethnographical approach to mental illness in the nursing workplace by focusing on the stories of nurses who have experienced mental(More)
Health systems throughout the democratic world have been subject to 'reform' in recent years as countries have attempted to contain the rapidly rising costs of health care. Because hospital care accounts for a large proportion of health sector spending, hospital restructuring has been an important part of those changes. In an attempt to make hospitals more(More)
Despite the differences in health care systems, nursing shortages and their contributing factors and consequences no longer seem to be solely country-specific. The present study replicated a cross-national study of nurses' perceptions of staffing, work organisation and outcomes conducted in more than 700 hospitals in the United States, Canada, England,(More)