Mary Osbakken

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BACKGROUND The Swedish irbesartan left ventricular hypertrophy investigation versus atenolol (SILVHIA). OBJECTIVE Angiotensin II induces myocardial hypertrophy. We hypothesized that blockade of angiotensin II subtype 1 (AT1) receptors by the AT1-receptor antagonist irbesartan would reduce left ventricular mass (as measured by echocardiography) more than(More)
To determine whether cardiac hypertrophy secondary to chronic renovascular hypertension is associated with altered in vivo myocardial metabolism, phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance saturation transfer techniques were used to study creatine kinase (CK) kinetics in six chronically hypertensive dogs with moderate cardiac hypertrophy and eight control(More)
BACKGROUND Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) protects myocardium from ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury as evidenced by improved recovery of mechanical function, ATP, and phosphocreatine during reperfusion. This protection may result from CoQ10's bioenergetic effects on the mitochondria, from its antioxidant properties, or both. The purpose of this study was to elucidate(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of prior dietary supplementation with creatine (Cr) or cyclocreatine (Cy, a synthetic analogue of Cr) on high energy phosphate metabolism of the ischemic myocardium. To this end, 48 rats were fed the following powdered rat chow diet for 21 days: 16 were fed chow without additives (CON); 16 were fed a(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The aim was to study the in vivo interaction and regulation of myocardial perfusion, metabolism, and pump function in an open chest canine model using a combination of potentially non-invasive and clinically useful techniques. DESIGN To assess potential regulatory mechanisms and the interaction of myocardial perfusion, metabolism, and(More)
Metabolic regulatory mechanisms are designed to maintain stable myocardial function during extremes in physiological insult; they can now be studied in vivo and may provide insight into mechanisms of altered myocardial functional decompensation during disease processes. To determine mechanisms of myocardial stability during hypoxia and acute pressure(More)
To study the effects of acute volume loading on myocardial metabolic and mechanical function, seven cats were volume loaded via anastomosis of the abdominal aorta to the vena cava (AV shunt). Metabolic effects were evaluated with 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Mechanical function was evaluated with heart rate X systolic blood pressure product (HR X(More)
A technique to estimate regional and/or global myocardial perfusion in-vivo was developed using deuterium nuclear magnetic resonance measurement of perdeuterated saline washout from the myocardium of 9 dogs. Washout data were fitted to a one-component plus baseline Kety-Schmidt exponential model. To assess the ability of this technique to reliably measure(More)
A chronic closed chest dog model was developed to study myocardial metabolism with NMR spectroscopy. Cardiac windows were surgically created in 10 dogs by removal of two ribs and accompanying skeletal muscle. Marlex mesh was sewn between the two exposed ribs, and fascia and skin were closed. 31P spectra were obtained using a surface coil placed into the(More)