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OBJECTIVES We studied the prognostic implications of midwall fibrosis in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in a prospective longitudinal study. BACKGROUND Risk stratification of patients with nonischemic DCM in the era of device implantation is problematic. Approximately 30% of patients with DCM have midwall fibrosis as detected by late gadolinium-enhancement(More)
IMPORTANCE Risk stratification of patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy is primarily based on left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Superior prognostic factors may improve patient selection for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) and other management decisions. OBJECTIVE To determine whether myocardial fibrosis (detected by late(More)
CONTEXT Biochemical control reduces morbidity and increases life expectancy in patients with acromegaly. With current medical therapies, including the gold standard octreotide long-acting-release (LAR), many patients do not achieve biochemical control. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to demonstrate the superiority of pasireotide LAR over octreotide LAR in(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated the significance of fibrosis detected by late gadolinium enhancement cardiovascular magnetic resonance for the prediction of major clinical events in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). BACKGROUND The role of myocardial fibrosis in the prediction of sudden death and heart failure in HCM is unclear with a lack of prospective data.(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To determine whether the new classification system for thymic carcinoid tumors/neuroendocrine carcinomas provides prognostic data, and to study the presentation, diagnosis, treatment, and prognostic factors of these rare tumors. DESIGN Retrospective analysis. SETTING Royal Brompton Hospital, London, UK. RESULTS Eight men and four(More)
BACKGROUND Post-mortem examinations of adults who were apparently healthy but died suddenly and unexpectedly sometimes reveal no morphological abnormalities to explain their deaths. The frequency of such unexplained deaths in relation to other causes of sudden cardiac death is not known. AIM To estimate the frequency of sudden unexpected cardiac or(More)
BACKGROUND The regional wall motion impairment and predisposition to arrhythmias in human ventricular hibernation may plausibly result from abnormal intercellular propagation of the depolarizing wave front. This study investigated the hypothesis that altered patterns of expression of connexin43, the principal gap junctional protein responsible for passive(More)
The purpose of this study was to review cases of congenital cystic adenomatoid malformations (CCAMs) arising in children and adults, in order to assess the recently expanded classification system for these lesions and their association with malignant transformation. Of 28 CCAMs, there were 16 type 1, 4 type 2, and 8 type 4 lesions, 12 of which presented in(More)
Continuous, high volume, venous-venous haemofiltration was used as renal support in 28 critically ill patients with acute renal failure. Fifteen patients survived and were subsequently discharged from the ITU. Although haemofiltration was highly effective in reducing the blood urea and serum creatinine, only survivors demonstrated a significant increase in(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate non-atherosclerotic cardiac deaths in the UK population aged over 15 years including elderly patients and to highlight the concept of the structurally normal heart in sudden death. METHODS Pathological data were collected prospectively for sudden adult deaths referred by UK coroners. RESULTS 453 cases of sudden death from 1994 to(More)