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This paper focuses on stigma in collective living environments for older adults, specifically multi-level campuses. We contrast two design profiles, a purpose-built campus which opened in 1997, and an older setting that grew by accretion over decades. Purpose-built housing is used as originally intended, designed, and constructed; housing built by accretion(More)
An unknown number of mentally ill elders in the U.S. receive care in assisted living [AL], along with persons facing physical or cognitive challenges. While dementia is familiar in AL, our data indicate that neither staff nor residents are prepared to work or live with the mentally ill. Challenges are created for professionals, since these residents bring(More)
OBJECTIVES The study sought to identify the varied types of change arising from internal and external influences in assisted living (AL) settings, expanding upon the literature's limited focus on resident decline and staff turnover and clarifying the importance of changes to life and work there. METHOD This analysis employed qualitative interviews and(More)
668 women, in whom an IUD DANA Super 3 was inserted immediately after legal artificial abortion, were observed. The index of pregnancy was 1.1, index of expulsion was 2.0, and 4% were removed within a year for health reasons. Serious complications arose in only .8% of the cases. A cervical dilation of no more than 11-12 mm is recommended. Adaptation of(More)
Purpose of the Study This article explores resident autonomy in assisted living (AL) and the effects that visitors and visiting the AL have on that autonomy. We examine formal and informal policies that govern visiting in AL, stakeholders' views and enforcement of these policies, and the complex arrangements that visiting often entails in everyday life in(More)