Mary N. Johnston

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BACKGROUND Very little is known about the immunodominance patterns of HIV-1-specific T cell responses during primary HIV-1 infection and the reasons for human lymphocyte antigen (HLA) modulation of disease progression. METHODS AND FINDINGS In a cohort of 104 individuals with primary HIV-1 infection, we demonstrate that a subset of CD8(+) T cell epitopes(More)
Virus-specific CD8(+) T cells are associated with declining viremia in acute human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)1 infection, but do not correlate with control of viremia in chronic infection, suggesting a progressive functional defect not measured by interferon gamma assays presently used. Here, we demonstrate that HIV-1-specific CD8(+) T cells proliferate(More)
Early treatment of acute HIV-1 infection followed by treatment interruptions has shown promise for enhancing immune control of infection. A subsequent loss of control, however, allows the correlates of protective immunity to be assessed. Here we show that sudden breakthrough of plasma viraemia occurred after prolonged immune containment in an individual(More)
BACKGROUND Early treatment of acute HIV infection with highly active antiretroviral therapy, followed by supervised treatment interruption (STI), has been associated with at least transient control of viremia. However, the durability of such control remains unclear. Here we present longitudinal follow-up of a single-arm, open-label study assessing the(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-specific CD8+ T cells in early infection are associated with the dramatic decline of peak viremia, whereas their antiviral activity in chronic infection is less apparent. The functional properties accounting for the antiviral activity of HIV-1-specific CD8+ T cells during early infection are unclear. Using(More)
BACKGROUND CD8+ T cells impact control of viral infections by direct elimination of infected cells and secretion of a number of soluble factors. In HIV-1 infection, persistent HIV-1 specific IFN-gamma+ CD8+ T cell responses are detected in the setting of disease progression, consistent with functional impairment in vivo. Recent data suggest that impaired(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-specific CD4 T-cell responses contribute to effective immune control of HIV-1 infection. However, the breadths and specificities of these responses have not been defined. We screened fresh CD8-depleted peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 36 subjects at different stages(More)
HLA-A3 and -A11 share similar peptide-binding motifs, however, it is unclear if promiscuous epitope presentation by HLA-A3 or HLA-A11 is associated with promiscuous TCR recognition. Here, we show that despite widespread cross-presentation of identical HIV-1 peptides in HIV-1-infected individuals expressing HLA-A3 or HLA-A11, peptides presented by HLA-A3 or(More)
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