Mary Molinaro

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Aging skeletal muscles suffer a steady decline in mass and functional performance, and compromised muscle integrity as fibrotic invasions replace contractile tissue, accompanied by a characteristic loss in the fastest, most powerful muscle fibers. The same programmed deficits in muscle structure and function are found in numerous neurodegenerative syndromes(More)
The accumulation of two myogenic regulatory proteins, MyoD and myogenin, was investigated by double-immunocytochemistry and correlated with myosin heavy chain expression in different classes of myoblasts in culture and during early myogenesis in vivo. During in vitro differentiation of fetal myoblasts, MyoD-positive cells were detected first, followed by(More)
We have examined acetylcholine (ACh)-elicited potentials or currents in current- or voltage-clamped cultured myotubes exposed to 12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (TPA), a potent tumor promoter that activates protein kinase C. Although this agent had little action on either membrane resting potential or electrical resistance, a reversible decrease in(More)
Treatment with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) reversibly suppressed myotube formation and expression of acetylcholine receptors in cultures of Day 15 mouse embryo presumptive myoblasts, but was totally ineffective in cultures of adult mouse satellite cells. A subpopulation of TPA-resistant myogenic cells became apparent in cultures prepared from(More)
Embryonic and fetal skeletal myoblasts are responsible for the formation of primary and secondary fibers in mammals, but the mechanism which diversifies their fate is unknown. In vitro, embryonic myoblasts are resistant to the differentiation inhibitory effects of transforming growth factor beta and phorbol esters. Thus, differential expression of specific(More)
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) induced concentration-dependent (10(-9) to 10(-6) M) stimulation of inositol phosphate production and a biphasic increment of cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in skeletal myogenic cells in culture. These effects were almost completely abolished when the cells were pretreated with the AVP antagonist(More)
The neurohypophyseal nonapeptide arginine8-vasopressin (AVP) induces phosphoinositide turnover and calcium and pH changes in skeletal myogenic cells in culture. In order to investigate the effect of AVP on skeletal myogenesis, we examined the effect of this hormone on proliferating mononucleated L6 myoblast cultures. Addition of AVP to the medium resulted(More)
Adult skeletal muscle fibers can be divided into fast and slow twitch subtypes on the basis of specific contractile and metabolic properties, and on distinctive patterns of muscle gene expression. The calcium, calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase, calcineurin, stimulates slow fiber-specific genes (myoglobin (Mb), troponin I slow) in cultured skeletal(More)
Arg8-vasopressin (AVP) is a potent inducer of myogenic differentiation stimulating the expression of myogenic regulatory factors. To understand the mechanism of its effect on myogenesis, we investigated the early signals induced by AVP in myogenic target cells. In the rat skeletal muscle cell line L6, AVP selectively stimulates phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns)(More)
MyoD, myogenin, myf-5, and MRF4, belonging to the family of basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs), control muscle cell differentiation, in concert with other transcription factors such as MEF-2, yet their role in age-related skeletal muscle alteration has not been addressed. We here report that MyoD and myogenin transcripts are(More)