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Aging skeletal muscles suffer a steady decline in mass and functional performance, and compromised muscle integrity as fibrotic invasions replace contractile tissue, accompanied by a characteristic loss in the fastest, most powerful muscle fibers. The same programmed deficits in muscle structure and function are found in numerous neurodegenerative syndromes(More)
MyoD, myogenin, myf-5, and MRF4, belonging to the family of basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs), control muscle cell differentiation, in concert with other transcription factors such as MEF-2, yet their role in age-related skeletal muscle alteration has not been addressed. We here report that MyoD and myogenin transcripts are(More)
Arginine vasopressin (AVP) induced concentration-dependent (10(-9) to 10(-6) M) stimulation of inositol phosphate production and a biphasic increment of cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) in skeletal myogenic cells in culture. These effects were almost completely abolished when the cells were pretreated with the AVP antagonist(More)
Embryonic and fetal skeletal myoblasts are responsible for the formation of primary and secondary fibers in mammals, but the mechanism which diversifies their fate is unknown. In vitro, embryonic myoblasts are resistant to the differentiation inhibitory effects of transforming growth factor beta and phorbol esters. Thus, differential expression of specific(More)
Treatment with 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) reversibly suppressed myotube formation and expression of acetylcholine receptors in cultures of Day 15 mouse embryo presumptive myoblasts, but was totally ineffective in cultures of adult mouse satellite cells. A subpopulation of TPA-resistant myogenic cells became apparent in cultures prepared from(More)
RD cells (a cell line derived from a human rhabdomyosarcoma) undergo a very limited myogenic differentiation despite the fact that they express several myogenic determination genes. Since we have previously shown (Aguanno et al., Cancer Res. 50, 3377, 1990) that the tumor promoter 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) induces myogenic differentiation(More)
Protein kinase Cs (PKCs) constitute a family of serine/threonine kinases, which has distinguished and specific roles in regulating cardiac responses, including those associated with heart failure. We found that the PKCθ isoform is expressed at considerable levels in the cardiac muscle in mouse, and that it is rapidly activated after pressure overload. To(More)
Embryonic and fetal skeletal myoblasts were grown in culture in the presence of TGF beta. Under the conditions employed, TGF beta inhibited differentiation of fetal but not of embryonic myoblasts. To investigate the possible relevance of these data to skeletal muscle histogenesis in vivo, we studied the proliferation/differentiation state of mesodermal(More)
The accumulation of two myogenic regulatory proteins, MyoD and myogenin, was investigated by double-immunocytochemistry and correlated with myosin heavy chain expression in different classes of myoblasts in culture and during early myogenesis in vivo. During in vitro differentiation of fetal myoblasts, MyoD-positive cells were detected first, followed by(More)