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There is growing concern about excessive Internet use and whether this can amount to an addiction. In researching this topic, a valid and reliable assessment instrument is essential. In her survey of Internet addiction, Young designed the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), which provides a basis for developments. The IAT has high face validity, but it has not(More)
The ability to identify emotion in other people is critical to social functioning. In a series of experiments, we explored the relationship between recognition of emotion in ambiguous facial expressions and aggressive thoughts and behavior, both in healthy adults and in adolescent youth at high risk of criminal offending and delinquency. We show that it is(More)
BACKGROUND Social problem-solving therapy may be relevant in the treatment of personality disorder, although assessments of its effectiveness are uncommon. AIMS To determine the effectiveness of a problem-solving intervention for adults with personality disorder in the community under conditions resembling routine clinical practice. METHOD Participants(More)
Non-completion of treatment is a major concern in the provision of therapies for people diagnosed with personality disorder, with adverse consequences for services, therapists, and other patients. Of even greater concern is that non-completion of treatment may limit the effectiveness of therapy for individuals. Our main aim in this study was to conduct a(More)
BACKGROUND There is a concern in the literature that harm from interventions is insufficiently documented in clinical trials in general, and in those assessing psychological treatments in particular. A recent decision by a trial steering committee to stop recruitment into a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a psychological intervention for personality(More)
The Short Alcohol Dependence Data (SADD) questionnaire was administered to 100 male young offenders. The mean score was 8.09. Eighty subjects were available between 19 and 40 days later for retest. Of these, 44 were given the original SADD, resulting in a test-retest correlation of 0.87. The remaining 36 young offenders were given at retest a version of the(More)
BACKGROUND In the treatment of offenders with personality disorders, one matter that requires attention is the rate of treatment non-completion. This is important as it has cost-efficiency and negative outcome implications. METHOD We compared the characteristics of those who participated in a personality disorder treatment programme divided into three(More)
BACKGROUND There are high rates of treatment non-completion for personality disorder and those who do not complete treatment have poorer outcomes. A goal-based motivational interview may increase service users' readiness to engage with therapy and so enhance treatment retention. We conducted a feasibility study to inform the design of a randomized(More)
BACKGROUND Impairment in social functioning is a key component of personality disorder. Therefore psycho-education and problem solving (PEPS) therapy may benefit people with this disorder. Psycho-education aims to educate, build rapport, and motivate people for problem solving therapy. Problem solving therapy aims to help clients solve interpersonal(More)
BACKGROUND Rates of non-completion of treatments for personality disorder are high and there are indications that those who do not complete treatment have worse outcomes than those who do. Improving both cost-efficiency and client welfare require attention to engaging people with personality disorder in treatment. A motivational interview, based on the(More)