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CONTEXT Transmission of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is associated with unprotected sex among multiple anonymous sex partners. The role of the Internet in risk of STDs is not known. OBJECTIVE To compare risk of STD transmission for persons who seek sex partners on the Internet with risk for(More)
Recent indications suggest that safer sex behavioral trends among men who have sex with men (MSM) may have reversed. 1,2 The Internet is an effective information exchange forum that allows for instant access to large groups, facilitating sex partner solicitation and increasing risk for sexually transmitted infec­ tions (STIs). 3–5 We report here on data(More)
Despite an increased awareness and 'normalization' of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) following the release of the HPV vaccine, the psychosocial impact of an HPV infection, the most common sexually transmissible infection (STI), must not be overshadowed. This study employed in-depth interviews (N = 52) and quantitative surveys (N = 154) to assess the knowledge,(More)
BACKGROUND Among men who have sex with men (MSM), the number of newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections has increased by approximately 60% since 1999. Factors that may be contributing to this resurgence include a widely reported increase in bacterial sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among HIV-positive and HIV-negative MSM, as well(More)
Many HIV-positive persons use the Internet to address at least some of their needs for HIV-specific information and support. The aim of this multimethod study was to understand how a diverse sample of persons who were recently diagnosed with HIV (PRDH) used the Internet after an HIV diagnosis and their perceptions of online HIV-related information and(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships between stigma and shame associated with seeking treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and undergoing testing for gonorrhea and HIV. METHODS Participants were 847 males and 1126 females (mean age: 24.9 years) in 7 cities. Two scales assessed STD-related stigma and(More)
PURPOSE To describe the relationship between adolescents' 2-week, 2-month, and 12-month recall of sexual behavior; to assess the variability of adolescents' self-reported sexual behaviors over a period of 1 year; and to draw conclusions regarding the use of recall periods in measuring self-reported sexual behavior in adolescents. METHODS Data from 296(More)
BACKGROUND AND GOAL In areas with persistent syphilis, to characterize persons at higher risk for transmitting syphilis. STUDY DESIGN Cohort study. Structured interviews of persons with early syphilis from four research centers were linked to outcomes of partner tracing. RESULTS Of 743 persons with syphilis, 229 (31%) reported two or more partners in(More)
The objective of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a longitudinal community intervention on the reduction of tobacco sales to minors and subsequent effects on tobacco consumption by youths. The study was conducted in Monterey County, CA. Four rural communities were randomized into treatment and comparison arms of the study and middle and high(More)