Mary M. Francis

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We show that a portion of the TM2 domain regulates the sensitivity of beta subunit-containing rat neuronal nicotinic AChR to the ganglionic blocker mecamylamine, such that the substitution of 4 amino acids of the muscle beta subunit sequence into the neuronal beta4 sequence decreases the potency of mecamylamine by a factor of 200 and eliminates any(More)
Human nicotinic acetylcholine (ACh) receptor subtypes expressed in Xenopus oocytes were characterized in terms of their activation by the experimental agonist RJR-2403. Responses to RJR-2403 were compared with those evoked by ACh and nicotine. These agonists were also characterized in terms of whether application of the drugs had the effect of producing a(More)
CONTEXT As a result of oocyte donation, women in their sixth decade of life are now able to conceive and carry pregnancies to term. However, little is known about pregnancy outcomes in this population. OBJECTIVE To describe pregnancy outcomes in women aged 50 years or older who conceived after in vitro fertilization with donor oocytes. DESIGN AND(More)
Heterologous expression of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) RNAs in Xenopus oocytes was used to examine the structural basis for pharmacological and physiological differences between muscle-type and neuronal nAChRs. Neuronal nAChRs have a higher permeability to calcium than muscle-type nAChRs and display inward rectification. while muscle-type(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical experience of our center with in vitro fertilization (IVF) in unstimulated cycles and to provide a comparison to stimulated cycles. DESIGN Spontaneous ovulatory cycles were triggered with human chorionic gonadotropin in the midcycle, and 78 aspirations for IVF were performed, with the remainder of the IVF cycle(More)
Some noncompetitive inhibitors (e.g., ganglionic blockers) exhibit selectivity for the inhibition of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). This study characterizes the mechanism of selective long-term inhibition of neuronal and muscle-neuronal chimeric nAChRs by bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl) sebacate (bis-TMP-10 or BTMPS), a(More)
Successful pregnancies have recently been reported in cycles of unstimulated in-vitro fertilization (IVF) which is a simplification of the standard IVF approach utilizing ovarian stimulation. The purpose of this study was to analyse retrospectively the results of the first 3 years of unstimulated IVF cycles at our institution in order to identify factors(More)
Purpose : To compare the incidence of monozygotic twins following blastocyst versus day-3 embryo transfer (ET). Methods : A retrospective analysis of the outcome of assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles utilizing blastocyst ET during 1999–2000 was compared to a similar group of patients undergoing day-3 ET during 1997–1998. Results : Blastocyst ET(More)
Effects of cocaine and cocaine methiodide were evaluated on the homomeric alpha 7 neuronal nicotinic receptor (nAChR). Whereas cocaine itself is a general nAChR noncompetitive antagonist, we report here the characterization of cocaine methiodide, a novel selective agonist for the alpha 7 subtype of nAChR. Data from (125)I-alpha-bungarotoxin binding assays(More)
Objective: Our objective was to determine the effect of elevated early follicular-phase serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) levels on follicle growth and oocyte maturity in unstimulated in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. Study Design: We compared cycles with elevated day 3 FSH levels (>20 mIU/ml) to subsequent cycles in the same patients when day 3(More)