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Potential toxicity from exposure to mercury vapor (Hg(o)) from dental amalgam fillings is the subject of current public health debate in many countries. We evaluated potential central nervous system (CNS) toxicity associated with handling Hg-containing amalgam materials among dental personnel with very low levels of Hg(o) exposure (i.e., urinary Hg <4(More)
The sodium salt of 2,3-dimercaptopropane-1-sulfonic acid (DMPS) challenge test (300 mg p.o. after an 11-hr fast) was given in Monterrey, Mexico to dental and nondental personnel. Urine samples were collected and analyzed for total mercury. The mean mercury urinary excretion (+/- S.E.) for 6 hr before and 6 hr after DMPS administration for 10 dental(More)
The administration of sodium 2,3-dimercapto-1-propane sulfonate (DMPS) to humans chronically exposed to inorganic arsenic in their drinking water resulted in the increased urinary excretion of arsenic, the appearance and identification of monomethylarsonous acid (MMA(III)) in their urine, and a large decrease in the concentration and percentage of urinary(More)
Four chelating agents that have been used most commonly for the treatment of humans intoxicated with lead, mercury, arsenic or other heavy metals and metalloids are reviewed as to their advantages, disadvantages, metabolism and specificity. Of these, CaNa2EDTA and dimercaprol (British anti-lewisite, BAL) are becoming outmoded and can be expected to be(More)
Monomethylarsonous acid (MMA(III)) has been detected for the first time in the urine of some humans exposed to inorganic arsenic in their drinking water. Our experiments have dealt with subjects in Romania who have been exposed to 2.8, 29, 84, or 161 microg of As/L in their drinking water. In the latter two groups, MMA(III) was 11 and 7% of the urinary(More)
The primary purpose of this article is to summarize the recent investigations dealing with the pharmacology and toxicology of meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid, an orally effective chelating agent. The need for a better chelating agent for treating young children and pregnant women with lead intoxication has been apparent for some time. Preclinical and(More)
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate in a novel manner the arsenic exposure of humans living in two towns in Northeastern Chile. Residents of one town drink water containing 593 microg As/l. Those in the control town drink water containing 21 microg As/l. Our hypothesis was that the administration of the chelating agent,(More)
There is considerable controversy as to whether dental amalgams may cause systemic health effects in humans because they liberate elemental mercury. Most such amalgams contain as much as 50% metallic mercury. To determine the influence of dental amalgams on the mercury body burden of humans, we have given volunteers, with and without amalgams in their(More)