Mary Lynn Dear

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A three base-pair deletion in the widely expressed TOR1A gene causes the childhood onset, neurological disease of DYT1 dystonia. Mouse Tor1a gene knockout also specifically affects the developing nervous system. However, in both cases, the basis of neuronal tissue specificity is unknown. TorsinA is one of four predicted mammalian torsin ATPases associated(More)
TorsinA (also known as torsin-1A) is a membrane-embedded AAA+ ATPase that has an important role in the nuclear envelope lumen. However, most torsinA is localized in the peripheral endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen where it has a slow mobility that is incompatible with free equilibration between ER subdomains. We now find that nuclear-envelope-localized(More)
Synaptogenesis requires orchestrated intercellular communication between synaptic partners, with trans-synaptic signals necessarily traversing the extracellular synaptomatrix separating presynaptic and postsynaptic cells. Extracellular matrix metalloproteinases (Mmps) regulated by secreted tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (Timps), cleave secreted and(More)
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs) constitute a rapidly growing family of human diseases resulting from heritable mutations in genes driving the production and modification of glycoproteins. The resulting symptomatic hypoglycosylation causes multisystemic defects that include severe neurological impairments, revealing a particularly critical(More)
TorsinA is a membrane-embedded AAA+ ATPase important in the nuclear envelope (NE) lumen. However, most torsinA is localized in the peripheral endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen with slow mobility incompatible with free equilibration between ER subdomains. We now find that NE-localized torsinA is on the inner nuclear membrane (INM) and ask how torsinA reaches(More)
Neural development requires N-glycosylation regulation of intercellular signaling, but the requirements in synaptogenesis have not been well tested. All complex and hybrid N-glycosylation requires MGAT1 (UDP-GlcNAc:α-3-D-mannoside-β1,2-N-acetylglucosaminyl-transferase I) function, and Mgat1 nulls are the most compromised N-glycosylation condition that(More)
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