Learn More
A murine model was used to assess the role of cytokines in initiating protective T-cell-mediated immunity in the lung. A pulmonary infection was initiated by intratracheal inoculation of Cryptococcus neoformans (Cne). Previously, we had established that Cne lung clearance was mouse-strain-specific: C.B-17 mice were resistant and developed a Th1-like(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are bone marrow-derived cells of both lymphoid and myeloid stem cell origin that populate all lymphoid organs including the thymus, spleen, and lymph nodes, as well as nearly all nonlymphoid tissues and organs. Although DCs are a moderately diverse set of cells, they all have potent antigen-presenting capacity for stimulating naive,(More)
Vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) and E-selectin (or endothelial-leukocyte adhesion molecule 1) are inducible endothelial cell adhesion molecules that play a role in the recruitment of leukocytes into sites of inflammation. Information about the spatial and temporal pattern of induced expression of these leukocyte adhesion molecules in vivo is(More)
Bioweapons are most often designed for delivery to the lung, although this route is not the usual portal of entry for many of the pathogens in the natural environment. Vaccines and therapeutics that are efficacious for natural routes of infection may not be effective against the pulmonary route. Pulmonary models are needed to investigate the importance of(More)
The role of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in mediating pulmonary clearance of a cryptococcal infection was investigated. Intratracheal inoculation of BALB/c and C.B-17 mice with a moderately virulent strain of Cryptococcus neoformans (52D) resulted in a pulmonary infection, which was cleared by a T cell-dependent mechanism. During this clearance, there was a(More)
T cell-mediated immunity has been shown to play an important role in the host defense to Cryptococcus neoformans. Infections due to C. neoformans are increased in patients with AIDS who are deficient in the CD4+ subset of T lymphocytes. Thus, the effect of CD4+ (L3T4+) lymphocyte depletion on murine host defenses to C. neoformans was studied. The mAb GK 1.5(More)
Bacillus anthracis, the etiologic agent of anthrax, produces at least three primary virulence factors: lethal toxin, edema toxin, and a capsule. The capsule is absolutely required for dissemination and lethality in a murine model of inhalation anthrax, yet the roles for the toxins during infection are ill-defined. We show in a murine model that when spores(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are a subpopulation of lymphocytes capable of killing a variety of neoplastic targets. NK can limit pulmonary metastases in animal models and could be important mediators of tumor defense in human lung. Previous studies in humans have suggested, however, that pulmonary NK cells obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) are(More)
The role of alveolar macrophages (M phi) in the induction of immune responses within the lung was investigated. Guinea pig alveolar M phi obtained from bronchoalveolar cells (BAC) were found to function as well as peritoneal exudate M phi in supporting proliferation of purified lymph node lymphocytes (LNL) induced by both soluble antigens and mitogen (Con(More)
The recognition of foreign antigens by T lymphocytes in association with lung antigen-presenting cells may be critical in the initiation of the mononuclear alveolitis and granuloma formation of pulmonary sarcoidosis. However, it has been shown that bronchoalveolar cells (BAC) from normal volunteers function poorly as antigen-presenting cells. Therefore, the(More)