Mary L. Kopka

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Two-component signal transduction systems are modular phosphorelay regulatory pathways common in prokaryotes. In the co-crystal structure of the Escherichia coli NarL signal output domain bound to DNA, we observe how the NarL family of two-component response regulators can bind DNA. DNA recognition is accompanied by the formation of a new dimerization(More)
X-ray analysis of the complex of netropsin with the B-DNA dodecamer of sequence C-G-C-G-A-A-T-T-BrC-G-C-G reveals that the antitumor antibiotic binds within the minor groove by displacing the water molecules of the spine of hydration. Netropsin amide NH furnish hydrogen bonds to bridge DNA adenine N-3 and thymine O-2 atoms occurring on adjacent base pairs(More)
Non-specific lipid-transfer proteins (nsLTPs) are involved in the movement of phospholipids, glycolipids, fatty acids, and steroids between membranes. Several structures of plant nsLTPs have been determined both by X-ray crystallography and nuclear magnetic resonance. However, the detailed structural basis of the non-specific binding of hydrophobic ligands(More)
A double-helical B-DNA dodecamer has been analyzed by single crystal x-ray diffraction methods and refined independently in four variants: sequence CGCGAATTCGCG at 20 degrees C and at 16 K, and CGCGAATTBrCGCG in 60% methylpentanediol at 20 and at 7 degrees C. The first three forms show a 14-19 degrees bend in overall helix axis, but the fourth is straight(More)
Recent advances in DNA synthesis methods have made it possible to carry out single-crystal x-ray analyses of double-stranded DNA molecules of predetermined sequence, with 4 to 12 base pairs. At least one example has been examined from each of the three known families of DNA helix: A, B, and Z. Each family has its own intrinsic restrictions on chain folding(More)
The crystal structure of the double-helical B-DNA dodecamer of sequence C-G-C-G-A-A-T-T-C-G-C-G has been solved and refined independently in three forms: (1) the parent sequence at room temperature; (2) the same sequence at 16 K; and (3) the 9-bromo variant C-G-C-G-A-A-T-TBrC-G-C-G at 7 degrees C in 60% (v/v) 2-methyl-2,4-pentanediol. The latter two(More)
The DNA double helix is not a regular, featureless barberpole molecule. Different base sequences have their own special signature, in the way that they influence groove width, helical twist, bending, and mechanical rigidity or resistance to bending. These special features probably help other molecules such as repressors to read and recognize one base(More)
The non-self-complementary DNA decamer C-A-A-A-G-A-A-A-A-G/C-T-T-T-T-C-T-T-T-G is a DNA/DNA analogue of a portion of the polypurine tract or PPT, which is a RNA/DNA hybrid that serves as a primer for synthesis of the (+) DNA strand by HIV reverse transcriptase (RT), and which is not digested by the RNase H domain of reverse transcriptase following (-)(More)
The antitumor antibiotic netropsin has been co-crystallized with a double-helical B-DNA dodecanucleotide of sequence: C-G-C-G-A-A-T-T-BrC-G-C-G, and the structure of the complex has been solved by X-ray diffraction at a resolution of 2.2 A. The structure has been refined independently by Jack-Levitt and Hendrickson-Konnert least-squares methods, leading to(More)
NarL is a model response regulator for bacterial two-component signal transduction. The NarL C-terminal domain DNA binding domain alone (NarL(C)) contains all essential DNA binding determinants of the full-length NarL transcription factor. In the full-length NarL protein, the N-terminal regulatory domain must be phosphorylated to release the DNA binding(More)