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Patient-centered care is valued in nursing. However, until recently, nurse-researchers have focused on testing the effects of standardized rather than patient-centered interventions (PCIs). The latter are those interventions that are altered to address selected patient characteristics (e.g., beliefs, habits, or goals). PCIs have been well received, and in(More)
  • M L Keller
  • 1993
Using theories of health behavior, this study aimed to advance the understanding of risk-taking regarding human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among young adults by describing: (a) their representation (i.e., schema) about HIV infection, (b) their problems with use of condoms and comfort with safe-sex practices, and (c) situations associated with(More)
Two experimental studies and a large field study were designed to examine how symptom severity, symptom duration, symptom ambiguity, and the association of symptoms with aging affected emotional responses and coping with illness threats. In Study 1, 280 respondents from the surrounding community reported the emotional and coping responses they would(More)
The present paper examines reported frequencies of 21 health practices, beliefs that these health practices can prevent six different illnesses, and beliefs about those illnesses in a community sample of 396 people: 173 young (20 to 39 years), 111 middle-aged (40 to 59 years), and 112 elderly adults (60 to 89 years). Elderly respondents report higher(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine gender differences in knowledge about HIV, the reported incidence of risky sexual behavior, and comfort with safer sexual practices among young adults. The conceptual framework was social role theory, which argues for the influence of gender roles on beliefs and social behaviors. Participants were 141 female and 131(More)
As individuals get older, their capacity to direct attention (CDA) appears to decline. The decline in CDA may be caused by age-related changes in the brain and demands on attentional mechanisms. These demands require older adults to expend significant attentional effort to maintain focus and achieve mental clarity while negotiating activities of daily life.(More)
The existence of a reliable and valid measure of interstitial cystitis symptoms would assist with diagnosis and the evaluation of treatment effectiveness. The purpose of this article is to report development of a scale to measure symptoms of interstitial cystitis. Data concerning the evidence of content and construct validity, as well as reliability, is(More)
The purpose of this research was to explore the knowledge of, attitudes toward, and intention to care for HIV-positive patients among 223 Taiwanese nurses. They worked in many different settings and had a variety of levels of exposure to HIV-positive patients. The findings of this research revealed that most Taiwanese nurses lacked sufficient knowledge to(More)
Two separate correlational studies were conducted to investigate the relationship between spirituality and psychological mood states in response to life change. In the first study a spiritual well-being index, a spiritual-maturity scale, a life-change index, and a depression scale were administered to 95 freshman nursing students. The spiritual well-being(More)
The capacity to direct attention is an essential part of life. However, excessive demand for attention produces difficulty in managing everyday activities and stressful life events. This study identified attentional demands of elderly people. Thirty elderly adults were interviewed to ascertain their perceptions of demands on them in four theoretically(More)