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OBJECTIVE To identify barriers and enablers for healthful weight management among college students. DESIGN Sixteen on-line focus groups, homogeneous by sex and university. SETTING Eight universities in 8 states. PARTICIPANTS College students (N = 115; 55% female; mean age 19.7 +/- 1.6). ANALYSIS Qualitative software, Nvivo version 2 (QSR(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the literature to determine whether policy and environmental interventions can increase people's physical activity or improve their nutrition. DATA SOURCES The following databases were searched for relevant intervention studies: Medline, Chronic Disease Prevention File, PsychInfo, Health Star, Web of Science, ERIC, the U.S. Department(More)
As more U.S. children grow up in Latino families, understanding how social class, culture, and environment influence feeding practices is key to preventing obesity. The authors conducted six focus groups and 20 in-depth interviews among immigrant, low-income Latina mothers in the Northeast United States and classified 17 emergent themes from content(More)
Exposure to obesogenic environments in the U.S. may foster development of overweight in immigrants with greater acculturation. Few studies document mechanisms of the acculturation process from immigrants’ own perspectives or describe implications on the children of immigrants. Focus groups and in-depth interviews were conducted with immigrant Latina mothers(More)
Failing to retain an adequate number of study participants in behavioral intervention trials poses a threat to interpretation of study results and its external validity. This qualitative investigation describes the retention strategies promoted by the recruitment and retention committee of the Behavior Change Consortium, a group of 15 university-based sites(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to accumulate behavioral validity evidence for physical activity Stage of Change (SOC). DESIGN Nine studies used a common physical activity SOC measure and examined self-report, objective, and performance physical activity indicators to accumulate behavioral validity evidence for SOC. Type of measure, the strength(More)
This article discusses the process of developing collaborative relationships for a community-based health promotion project. A partnership was established among the university, the city where the intervention took place, and the community senior center. A community advisory board was created to identify the strengths, diversity, and needs of each partner.(More)
BACKGROUND Self-monitoring is a key behavior change mechanism associated with sustained health behavior change. Although Web-based interventions can offer user-friendly approaches for self-monitoring, engagement with these tools is suboptimal. Increased use could encourage, promote, and sustain behavior change. OBJECTIVE To determine whether email prompts(More)
OBJECTIVE Prompting may promote engagement with behavior change interventions. Prompts can be delivered inexpensively via automated voice response (AVR) reminders or short message service (SMS) text messages. We examined the association between participants' characteristics and preferred reminder modality. METHODS Healthy Directions 2 is a cluster(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize physical activity and physical function by stage of change and age in older adults. METHODS One thousand two hundred thirty-four individuals completed The Yale physical activity survey (YPAS), stage of change for exercise, and the Up-and-Go physical function test. RESULTS Most subjects were in the maintenance (50.4%) or(More)