Mary L. Chipman

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A survey of drivers carried out in Ontario in 1988 has provided data on time spent driving as well as the distances driven for licensed drivers of both sexes in six age groups and three regions. Substantial differences were found in times, distances, and distance/time ratios among these groups. Men drove 50% greater distances, but spent only 30% more time(More)
Amitriptyline (AT) relieves some patients with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Many patients suffer side effects and better therapies are necessary. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of maprotiline (MT) (noradrenergic) compared to AT (mixed noradrenergic and serotonergic) in this disorder. Thirty-five patients entered a randomized,(More)
UNLABELLED OBJECTIVE (BACKGROUND): Amitriptyline (AT) is a standard therapy for postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Our hypothesis was that nortriptyline (NT), a noradrenergic metabolite of AT, may be more effective. METHODS A randomized, double-blind, crossover trial of AT versus NT was conducted in 33 patients. RESULTS Thirty-one patients completed the(More)
The Ontario Corneal Recipient Registry followed 299 recipients of 326 corneal transplants performed between October 1985 and October 1987. This report describes the joint effects of donor age and cause of death on subsequent graft survival in these procedures up to two years after surgery. Cox regression analysis established that grafts from donors dying of(More)
OBJECTIVES We compared cycling injury risks of 14 route types and other route infrastructure features. METHODS We recruited 690 city residents injured while cycling in Toronto or Vancouver, Canada. A case-crossover design compared route infrastructure at each injury site to that of a randomly selected control site from the same trip. RESULTS Of 14 route(More)
BACKGROUND The poor long-term success rate of repeat trabeculectomies in refractory uveitic glaucoma (UG) patients has led to the use of glaucoma drainage devices (GDDs). However, the success and complication rates of GDDs in UG patients utilizing a control group with standard demographic data, design, and surgical technique have never been evaluated. (More)
BACKGROUND Geomatics describes the activities involved in acquiring and managing geographical data and producing geographical information for scientific, administrative and technical endeavors. As an emerging science, geomatics has a great potential to support public health. Geomatics provides a conceptual foundation for the development of geographic(More)
A case-control study was used to determine whether cases of farm injury were more likely than controls to have been regularly exposed to certain types of medication including those that cause side effects which may predispose to injury. Persons reporting an injury (n = 176) were identified in a population-based mail survey of people on 1364 Ontario farms,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between cycling injury severity and personal, trip, route and crash characteristics. METHODS Data from a previous study of injury risk, conducted in Toronto and Vancouver, Canada, were used to classify injury severity using four metrics: (1) did not continue trip by bike; (2) transported to hospital by ambulance; (3)(More)
OBJECTIVE To report on a long term experience in treating patients with chronic noncancer pain (CNCP). METHODS One hundred two patients with CNCP were seen every three months and followed for one year or more (median eight years, range one to 22). Demographic data, diagnostic categories and response to therapies were recorded. The utility and safety of(More)