Mary Kaye Kramer

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BACKGROUND The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) demonstrated that lifestyle intervention reduces risk for type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. A universal framework for translation of multiple aspects of the DPP intervention, including training, support, and evaluation is needed to enhance treatment fidelity in a variety of settings. PURPOSE This(More)
Weight-loss interventions generally improve lipid profiles and reduce cardiovascular disease risk, but effects are variable and may depend on genetic factors. We performed a genetic association analysis of data from 2,993 participants in the Diabetes Prevention Program to test the hypotheses that a genetic risk score (GRS) based on deleterious alleles at 32(More)
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus probands from the Familial Autoimmune and Diabetes Study were evaluated for autoimmune thyroid disease (n = 265). The prevalence of Hashimoto's thyroiditis was 26.6%; 42.0% of these individuals were euthyroid, and 58.0% were hypothyroid. There was a female predominance among hypothyroid and euthyroid Hashimoto's cases(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate barriers to and strategies for medication adherence and predictors of adherence and the primary outcome in the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Within a randomized, controlled primary prevention study for type 2 diabetes, we collected data on study medication adherence, its predictors, and health(More)
We performed a family study to investigate the heritability of reduced serum retinol levels observed in type 1 diabetes cases. Diet and serum factors, including retinol, total carotene, malondialdehyde, and retinol binding protein levels, were measured in 11 multiple-case families. The mean serum retinol level of the diabetics (46 ug/dl) was significantly(More)
PURPOSE With growing numbers of people at risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease, diabetes educators report increasing referrals for intervention in prevention of these conditions. Diabetes educators have expertise in diabetes self-management education; however, they are generally not prepared for delivery of chronic disease primary prevention. The(More)
Faith-based initiatives for lifestyle change show promise in helping to promote healthy behaviors in African American communities. It has been suggested that faith communities and programs within faith communities can influence health care practices and health care planning especially in high risk, minority populations. African American individuals are more(More)
The WHO DiaMond Molecular Epidemiology Sub-Project is testing the hypothesis that the geographic differences in IDDM incidence reflect population variation in the frequency of IDDM susceptibility genes (i.e., DQA1 and DQB1 alleles with sequences coding for arginine (R) in position 52 of the DQ alpha-chain, and an amino acid other than aspartic acid (ND) in(More)
This pilot project evaluated the Group Lifestyle Balance program (GLB), an adaptation of the DPP lifestyle intervention, delivered via DVD with remote participant support provided by the University of Pittsburgh Diabetes Prevention Support Center. Results suggest that GLB-DVD with remote support may provide an effective alternative for GLB delivery.
Several efficacy trials and subsequent dissemination studies indicate that behavioral lifestyle interventions for diabetes risk reduction require, at a minimum, provision of 4 to 6 months of frequent intervention contact to induce clinically meaningful weight losses of at least 5% of initial body weight. Weekly contact during the first several months of(More)