Mary K. Short

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The cytosolic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) gene is expressed in multiple tissues and is regulated in a complex tissue-specific manner. To map the cis-acting DNA elements that direct this tissue-specific expression, we made transgenic mice containing truncated PEPCK-human growth hormone (hGH) fusion genes. The transgenes contained PEPCK promoter(More)
We constructed a bacteriophage-displayed library containing randomized mutations at H chain residues 30-35 of the anti-digoxin antibody 26-10 Fab to investigate sequence constraints necessary for high affinity binding in an antibody of known crystal structure. Phage were selected by panning against digoxin and three C-16-substituted analogues. All(More)
Recombination studies have established that retroviral long terminal repeats (LTRs) are important genetic determinants of the viral capacity to induce hematopoietic tumors and to specify the type of cell making up the tumor. Plasmids containing LTRs of several murine leukemia viruses linked to the chloramphenicol acetyltransferase gene were tested in(More)
Magmas, is a 13-kDa mitochondrial protein which is ubiquitously expressed in eukaryotic cells. It was identified as a granulocyte-macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) inducible gene in hematopoietic cells and has a key role in the transport of mitochondrial proteins in yeast. Because GM-CSF receptor levels are elevated in prostate cancer, Magmas(More)
We previously showed that a single mutation at heavy (H) position 35 of Abs specific for p-azophenylarsonate (Ars) resulted in acquisition of binding to the structurally related hapten p-azophenylsulfonate (Sulf). To explore the sequence and structural diversity of the H chain first complementarity-determining region (HCDR1) in modulating affinity and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to identify granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) responsive genes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Potential GM-CSF responsive genes were identified by comparing the mRNA expression pattern of the murine myeloid cell line PGMD1 grown in either interleukin-3 (IL-3) or GM-CSF by differential display. Human and(More)
We constructed Fab libraries of bacteriophage-displayed H:CDR3 mutants in the high-affinity anti-digoxin antibody 26-10 to determine structural constraints on affinity and specificity for digoxin. Libraries of mutant Fabs randomized at five or 10 contiguous positions were panned against digoxin and three C16-substituted analogs, gitoxin (16-OH),(More)
Magmas is a protein that is involved in GM-CSF signaling in a myeloid cell line. Its precise role in the signal transduction process is unclear. To accurately characterize Magmas expression in a variety of cells, mouse embryos and adult murine tissues were analyzed for both mRNA and protein content. Magmas expression was detected as early as the day 6.5(More)
Antibody 26-10, obtained in a secondary immune response, binds digoxin with high affinity (K(a) = 1.3 x 10(10) M(-1)) because of extensive shape complementarity. We demonstrated previously that mutations of the hapten contact residue HTrp-100 to Arg (where H refers to the heavy chain) resulted in increased specificity for digoxin analogs substituted at the(More)
Transcriptional activities of the long terminal repeats (LTRs) of various murine leukemia viruses were tested in the cytotoxic T-cell lines CTLL-1 and CTLL-2. In contrast to T-lymphoma cells, in which the LTRs of T-lymphomagenic virus SL3-3 and Moloney murine leukemia virus are more active than those of other viruses, transcriptional activity in these(More)