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OBJECTIVE We quantified maternal misclassification of child weight status and examined determinants associated with maternal perceptions of child weight status. METHODS Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994) were used. The sample included 5500 children (aged 2-11 years) with maternal interview data. Maternal(More)
OBJECTIVE Although many studies have found that childhood levels of body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2)) are associated with adult levels, it has been reported that childhood BMI is not associated with adult adiposity. We further examined these longitudinal associations. DESIGN Cohort study based on examinations between 1973 and 1996. SETTING Bogalusa,(More)
OBJECTIVES In November 2008, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) doubled the recommended daily intake of vitamin D for infants and children, from 200 IU/day (2003 recommendation) to 400 IU/day. We aimed to assess the prevalence of infants meeting the AAP recommended intake of vitamin D during their first year of life. METHODS Using data from the(More)
In large epidemiologic studies, information on breastfeeding practice is often collected from maternal recall through interviews, but there is concern about the accuracy of the data, especially when mothers are asked to recall their practices from many years earlier. This review examines the validity and reliability of maternal recall of breastfeeding(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess secular trends in menarcheal age between 1973 and 1994 and to determine whether childhood levels of height, weight, and skinfold thicknesses can account for racial (white/black) differences in menarcheal age. METHODS Data from 7 cross-sectional examinations of school-aged children, with menarcheal age obtained through interviews, were(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have shown that girls who undergo menarche at a relatively young age tend to be more obese as adults. However, because childhood (pre-menarcheal) levels of weight and height are associated with an earlier menarche, the increased prevalence of adult obesity among early maturers may largely reflect the persistence of childhood(More)
INTRODUCTION Eating a diet high in fruits and vegetables as part of an overall healthful diet can help lower chronic disease risk and aid in weight management. Increasing the percentage of Americans who consume enough fruits and vegetables every day is part of the Healthy People 2010 objectives for the nation. Assessing trends in consumption of these foods(More)
F ruits and vegetables contain many beneficial nutrients and phyto-chemicals that are thought to protect against cardiovascular disease (1,2) and diabetes (3–5). Further, different types of vegetables and fruits may differ in their contents of carbohydrates, antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, and other unidentified phytochemicals. However, epidemi-ologic(More)
Diabetes mellitus is an epidemic of our time. This disease affects nearly 150 million adults worldwide and nearly 11 million in the United States in 2000. Because of the prevalence of obesity and diabetes and associated vascular complications, preventing even a small proportion of cases would save thousands of lives and billions of dollars in healthcare(More)
, their all-method-principle and all-instruments CVs ranged from ϳ4% to 7% (10, 11), similar to our findings. We chose to exclude results from two laboratories that reported a gelatinous material in the TIBC medium pool and chose not to impute values for one laboratory that did not report raw values for the UIBC low pool. Additionally , we excluded 13(More)