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CONTEXT Binge drinking (consuming > or =5 alcoholic drinks on 1 occasion) generally results in acute impairment and has numerous adverse health consequences. Reports indicate that binge drinking may be increasing in the United States. OBJECTIVES To quantify episodes of binge drinking among US adults in 1993-2001, to characterize adults who engage in binge(More)
BACKGROUND Laboratory-based investigations indicate that the consumption of foods with a low energy density (kcal/g) decreases energy intake. Although low-energy-dense diets are recommended for weight management, relations between energy density, energy intake, and weight status have not been clearly shown in free-living persons. OBJECTIVES A(More)
CONTEXT The increasing prevalence of obesity is a major public health concern, since obesity is associated with several chronic diseases. OBJECTIVE To monitor trends in state-specific data and to examine changes in the prevalence of obesity among adults. DESIGN Cross-sectional random-digit telephone survey (Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System) of(More)
OBJECTIVE We quantified maternal misclassification of child weight status and examined determinants associated with maternal perceptions of child weight status. METHODS Data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994) were used. The sample included 5500 children (aged 2-11 years) with maternal interview data. Maternal(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated food choices made by individuals consuming diets differing in energy density and explores relationships between energy density and diet quality. DESIGN Cross-sectional, nationally representative survey. SUBJECTS 7,500 adults (older than 19 years) in the 1994-1996 Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals. (More)
BACKGROUND Obese children may be at increased risk of becoming obese adults. To examine the relationship between obesity in childhood and obesity in adulthood, we reviewed the epidemiologic literature published between 1970 and July 1992. Comparison between studies was complicated by differences in study design, definitions of obesity, and analytic methods(More)
OBJECTIVE Although many studies have found that childhood levels of body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2)) are associated with adult levels, it has been reported that childhood BMI is not associated with adult adiposity. We further examined these longitudinal associations. DESIGN Cohort study based on examinations between 1973 and 1996. SETTING Bogalusa,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the prevalence and correlates of trying to lose weight among U.S. adults, describe weight loss strategies, and assess attainment of recommendations for weight control (eating fewer calories and physical activity). RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES This study used the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a state-based telephone(More)
OBJECTIVE Dietary supplements are not recommended as part of a weight-loss program due to concerns about efficacy and safety. This study sought to assess prevalence and duration of nonprescription weight-loss supplement use, associated weight-control behaviors, discussion of use with a health care professional, and specific ingredient use. PARTICIPANTS(More)