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HER2 overexpression is one of the most recognizable molecular alterations in breast tumors known to be associated with a poor prognosis. In the study described here, we explored the effect of HER2 overexpression on the sensitivity of breast cancer cells to the growth-inhibitory effects of 2-cyano-3,12-dioxooleana-1,9-dien-28-oic acid (CDDO), a synthetic(More)
Erlotinib (Tarceva), an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has clinical activity in advanced lung cancer, but disease that initially responds to erlotinib eventually progresses. The mechanism of this acquired resistance is unclear. We established two erlotinib-resistant pools of A-431 cells, a well-characterized epidermoid(More)
Lipid-soluble cardiac glycosides such as bufalin, oleandrin, and digitoxin have been suggested as potent agents that might be useful as anticancer agents. Past research with oleandrin, a principle cardiac glycoside in Nerium oleander L. (Apocynaceae), has been shown to induce cell death through induction of apoptosis. In PANC-1 cells, a human pancreatic(More)
UNLABELLED We investigated the safety of midazolam administered by continuous intrathecal infusion in relevant animal models. Preservative-free midazolam was delivered to sheep and pigs by using implanted infusion systems (SynchroMed pumps plus silicone catheters). Sheep received midazolam 5 mg/d (n = 4) or 15 mg/d (n = 7) or saline (n = 2) for 43 days at(More)
Microdialysis sampling of blood and extracellular fluid (ECF) of living tissue offers unique advantages for studying anticancer drug distribution, metabolism, and mechanisms of tumor drug resistance. We applied microdialysis sampling in a rat model to describe the pharmacokinetics of cisplatin and carboplatin simultaneously in blood and several peripheral(More)
BACKGROUND The safety of chronically administered intrathecal morphine has been questioned. Therefore, the authors examined the behavioral and neurologic effects and neurotoxicity of continuous intrathecal morphine administration in sheep. METHODS Groups of three sheep were implanted with intrathecal infusion systems for the continuous administration of(More)
BACKGROUND PBI-05204, a Nerium oleander extract (NOE) containing the cardiac glycoside oleandrin, inhibits the α-3 subunit of Na-K ATPase, as well as FGF-2 export, Akt and p70S6K, hence attenuating mTOR activity. This first-in-human study determined the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of PBI-05204 in patients with advanced cancer.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the safety of hydromorphone delivered by continuous intrathecal infusion via implanted delivery systems in sheep. DESIGN Sheep implanted with intrathecal infusion systems were randomly assigned to receive either 1.5, 3, or 6 mg/day hydromorphone HCl or saline control (3 sheep/dose level) at a fixed infusion rate of 1.92 mL/day for(More)
PURPOSE To examine the feasibility of escalating carboplatin area under the concentration-time curve (AUC), using dose predictions based on individual estimates of drug clearance, in a phase I trial of multicycle carboplatin, paclitaxel, and cyclophosphamide chemotherapy with peripheral-blood stem-cell (PBSC) replacement. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty-four(More)
The principal active constituent of the botanical drug candidate PBI-05204, a supercritical CO(2) extract of Nerium oleander, is the cardiac glycoside oleandrin. PBI-05204 shows potent anticancer activity and is currently in phase I clinical trial as a treatment for patients with solid tumors. We have previously shown that neriifolin, which is structurally(More)