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Regulatory T cells (T(reg) cells) have a critical role in the maintenance of immunological self-tolerance. Here we show that treatment of naive human or mouse T cells with IL-35 induced a regulatory population, which we call 'iT(R)35 cells', that mediated suppression via IL-35 but not via the inhibitory cytokines IL-10 or transforming growth factor-β(More)
The folate receptor (FR) is a valuable therapeutic target that is highly expressed on a variety of cancers. The current development of folate-targeted cancer therapies has created the need for quantitating functional FRs in clinical specimens. In this article, we report on the creation of a highly sensitive radioactive binding method for quantitatively(More)
Concomitant tumor immunity describes immune responses in a host with a progressive tumor that rejects the same tumor at a remote site. In this work, concomitant tumor immunity was investigated in mice bearing poorly immunogenic B16 melanoma. Progression of B16 tumors did not spontaneously elicit concomitant immunity. However, depletion of CD4(+) T cells in(More)
The folate receptor (FR) is overexpressed on many epithelial cancers and has been exploited for targeted delivery of folate-linked liposomes to cancer cells in vitro. The present studies investigate the distribution of folate-targeted liposomes in a FR(+) mouse model of ovarian cancer. According to flow cytometric analysis, folate-conjugation of liposomes(More)
Folate receptor-targeted cancer therapies constitute a promising treatment for the approximately one third of human cancers that overexpress the folate receptor (FR). However, the potencies of all folate-receptor targeted therapies depend on 1) the rate of folate-linked drug conjugate binding to the cancer cell surface, 2) the dose of folate conjugate that(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether overexpression of the high-affinity folate receptor (FR) on activated macrophages can be exploited to selectively target imaging agents to sites of inflammation in rats with adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA). METHODS Folic acid was conjugated to a (99m)Tc chelator (the complex termed EC20), and its distribution was visualized(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that is characterized by inflammation of the joints and destruction of cartilage and bone, often compromising both the quality and duration of life. The disease pathology is complex, involving the infiltration and activation of various populations of immune cells along with the release of destructive(More)
Melanoma-associated vitiligo is the best-studied example of the linkage between tumor immunity and autoimmunity. Although vitiligo is an independent positive prognostic factor for melanoma patients, the autoimmune destruction of melanocytes was long thought to be merely a side effect of robust anti-tumor immunity. However, new data reveal a key role for(More)
Cancer cells express self-antigens that are weakly recognized by the immune system. Even though responses against autologous cells are difficult to induce, the immune system is still able to mount a response against cancer. The discovery of the molecular identity of antigens that are recognized by the immune system of melanoma patients has led to the(More)
Immune recognition of tumors can limit cancer development, but antitumor immune responses are often blocked by tumor-mediated immunosuppression. Because microbes or microbial constituents are powerful adjuvants to stimulate immune responses, we evaluated whether intratumoral administration of a highly immunogenic but attenuated parasite could induce(More)