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A novel canine lymphoma cell line, OSW, was established from the malignant pleural effusion of a dog with peripheral T-cell lymphoma. The immunoprofile as determined by flow cytometry was as follows: positive for CD45, CD49d, CD18, CD11a; weakly positive for CD11b, CD11c, CD11d; and negative for CD45RA, CD1a, CD1c, CD3, TCRalphabeta, TCRgammadelta, CD4,(More)
Mucosal infection by feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) was assessed via a single exposure of the vaginal or rectal mucosa to either infectious peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), infectious plasma, or cell-free cultured virus. All cats inoculated with cell-free cultured virus (100 or 400 TCID) and 9 of 10 cats inoculated with infected PBMCs (2 x(More)
We studied vertical transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) to determine whether it might provide a model with which to study intervention strategies for mother-to-offspring transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). We found that pregnant cats acutely infected with FIV (FIV-CSU-2771) transmitted the virus to their offspring via both(More)
Vertical transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) was studied in cats infected with either of two FIV clinical isolates (FIV-B-2542 or FIV-AB-2771) prior to breeding and conception. Queens infected 4 to 30 months (mean = 14 months) prior to conception transmitted FIV to 59 of 83 (71%) kittens; 50.6% were virus positive on the day of birth. To(More)
The feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) model provides a system to study lentivirus transmission, virus kinetics, pathogenesis, host responses, and immune dysfunction in a natural, out-bred host, under controlled conditions with specific-pathogen-free animals. The diversity of primary FIV strains can be exploited to mirror the range of disease(More)
An 11-year-old female spayed domestic shorthair cat was referred to The Ohio State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital (OSU-VTH) for evaluation of a 6 x 4 x 3.5 cm mass in the left midcervical region causing increased respiratory sounds and lateral deviation of the trachea. A fine needle aspirate of the mass was obtained before referral and the cytology(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) has become an important tool in studying antigen-specific T lymphocyte responses. Soluble peptides can be used to map T-cell epitopes, providing information that is useful in the design and evaluation of vaccines as well as studies of immunopathogenesis. To date, this assay has not been widely(More)
Regression of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection was observed in seven of nine vertically infected kittens born to two chronically infected mother cats. Both provirus and nonmaternal FIV antibody were detected in all kittens by 4 weeks of age but only three of the seven kittens were positive by blood mononuclear cell coculture. Between 10 and 14(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 can occasionally be detected as a cryptic or latent infection in seronegative, asymptomatic patients. To develop an animal model of host latency, cats were mucosally challenged with 10(2)-10(6) feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV)-infected T cells. Although high-dose exposure (10(4)-10(6) T cells) resulted in progressive(More)
Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) virus-replicon particles (VRP) were used to generate feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) Gag- and ENV-expressing vaccine vectors. Serum and mucosal FIV-specific antibody was detected in cats immunized subcutaneously, once monthly for 5 months, with FIV-expressing VRP. Expansion of the CD8+ L-selectin negative phenotype(More)