Mary Jo Brunner

Learn More
A comprehensive chronic toxicity and carcinogenicity study was conducted on a series of Aroclors (1016, 1242, 1254, and 1260). Each Aroclor was assessed at multiple dietary concentrations, ranging from 25 to 200 ppm, for 24 months in male and female Sprague-Dawley rats. Liver toxicity was indicated by elevated serum enzyme activity (AST, ALT, and GGT),(More)
We have studied the effect of the carotid sinus baroreceptor reflex on respiration in 10 vagotomized, spontaneously breathing, pentobarbital anesthetized dogs. The carotid body chemoreceptor reflex response was eliminated by surgically excluding the carotid bodies from the carotid sinus baroreceptor area. Steady state frequency, tidal volume, and minute(More)
To understand more fully the role of the arterial baroreceptor reflex on systemic and pulmonary vascular resistance, we studied the influence of the carotid sinus baroreceptor reflex control system on the entire systemic and pulmonary arterial pressure-flow relationships. Ten pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs, whose carotid sinuses were isolated, were used in(More)
We examined the active and passive contributions of the alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptor mechanisms to the changes in systemic vascular capacitance caused by the carotid sinus baroreflex system in anesthetized, vagotomized dogs. The carotid sinuses were isolated from the systemic circulation and perfused with controlled pressures. To determine the(More)
To quantify the relative importance of the spleen in the carotid sinus baroreceptor reflex control of total blood volume, we studied the reflex control of systemic vascular capacity before and after removal of the spleen in 18 sodium pentobarbital-anesthetized dogs. Venous return was diverted into a reservoir while cardiac output and venous pressure were(More)
To quantify the relative contribution of blood flow redistribution and active changes in vascular capacity in the regulation of cardiac output, blood flow and volumes in two parallel vascular beds were measured in response to varying carotid sinus pressures. In nine dogs, carotid sinuses were isolated and intrasinus pressure was controlled. Two external(More)
Interaction between baroreceptors and chemoreceptors during simultaneous activation of the reflexes was studied in eight pentobarbital sodium-anesthetized vagotomized dogs. The carotid sinus reflexogenic area was isolated and perfused at controlled carotid sinus pressure (CSP), PO2, and PCO2. Random combinations of CSP, PO2, and PCO2 were delivered to the(More)
Carotid sinus reflex interactions were studied in 10 dogs anesthetized with pentobarbital sodium. The right and left carotid sinus regions were isolated and perfused at controlled pressures. Pressure in the right and left carotid sinuses were independently varied, and the resulting steady-state reflex changes in arterial pressure, heart rate, respiratory(More)