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Azobenzene (AZB) is non-carcinogenic in mice, but a potent rat carcinogen, inducing tumours in the spleen and other abdominal organs. The present paper shows that AZB clearly induces micronuclei in the bone marrow of rats at a dose of 375 mg/kg and above. In mice, however, only a marginally positive response was seen at much higher doses, thus reflecting(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitors show promise as a treatment for anxiety, depression and pain. Here we investigated whether perinatal exposure to URB597, a fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitor, alters brain development and affects behaviour in adult mice. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Mouse dams were treated daily from gestational day(More)
End-stage renal failure (ESRF) patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) are immunocompromised and exhibit abnormal circulating polymorphonuclear leucocyte (PMN) function, including reduced phagocytosis and intracellular killing. Six uraemic patients on CAPD were each given 300 microg granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)(More)
The chondracanthid copepod, Chondracanthus goldsmidi is an ectoparasite of gills, inner opercula and nasal cavities of cultured striped trumpeter, Latris lineata (Forster). Whilst often present in high numbers (up to 60 parasites per host), little is known about its effect on striped trumpeter. In this study C. goldsmidi was associated with extensive(More)
0 ,4 0-dimethoxycinnamonyl) anthranilic acid, exhibits potent anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties in arthritis Objectives. The degradation of tryptophan by indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase yields a number of immunomodulatory metabolites, including 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid, 3-hydroxykynurenic acid and quinolinic acid. N-(3 0 ,4 0-dimethoxycinnamonyl)(More)
Tests on cells from various non-human primates showed that expression of the 12E7 antigen is the same on cultured fibroblasts, peripheral blood lymphocytes and red blood cells. No quantitative polymorphism of 12E7 expression was observed in any of the animals tested. Tests on red blood cells of these primates confirm that anti-Xga and the monoclonal(More)
Multiple lines of evidence implicate the endocannabinoid signaling system in the modulation of metabolic disease. Genetic or pharmacological inactivation of CB1 in rodents leads to reduced body weight, resistance to diet-induced obesity, decreased intake of highly palatable food, and increased energy expenditure. Cannabinoid agonists stimulate feeding in(More)