Mary Jane Nicholl

Learn More
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) mutants defective in immediate-early (IE) gene expression do not readily enter productive replication after infection of tissue culture cells. Instead, their genomes are retained in a quiescent, nonreplicating state in which the production of viral gene products cannot be detected. To investigate the block to virus(More)
Activation of cellular interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) after infection with herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) or human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) was investigated. The level of ISG54-specific RNA in human fetal lung (HFL) or human foreskin (BJ) fibroblasts increased substantially after infection with either virus in the presence of cycloheximide. HSV-1(More)
Previous studies have shown that infection of human fibroblasts with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) results in activation of cellular interferon-responsive gene expression. We demonstrate here that infection of human fibroblasts with herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in the absence of de novo protein synthesis also induces the expression of(More)
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) mutants impaired in the activities of the structural protein VP16 and the immediate-early (IE) proteins ICP0 and ICP4 establish a quiescent infection in human fibroblasts, with most cells retaining an inactive, repressed viral genome for sustained periods in culture. To date, the quiescent state has been considered(More)
and homogeneity. In turn, those differences fundamentally alter the balance between capillary, gravity, and The infiltration of water into unsaturated geologic media is an viscous forces that controls the occurrence and behavior immiscible displacement process that is unstable with respect to gravity and can thus lead to the formation of gravity-driven(More)
BACKGROUND Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a betaherpesvirus that causes severe disease in situations where the immune system is immature or compromised. HCMV immediate early (IE) gene expression is stimulated by the virion phosphoprotein pp71, encoded by open reading frame (ORF) UL82, and this transactivation activity is important for the efficient(More)
  • 1