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The plant action potential (AP) has been studied for more than half a century. The experimental system was provided mainly by the large charophyte cells, which allowed insertion of early large electrodes, manipulation of cell compartments, and inside and outside media. These early experiments were inspired by the Hodgkin and Huxley (HH) work on the squid(More)
This paper investigates the impact of increased salinity on touch-induced receptor and action potentials of Chara internodal cells. We resolved underlying changes in ion transport by current/voltage analysis. In a saline medium with a low Ca(2+) ion concentration [(Ca(2+))(ext)], the cell background conductance significantly increased and proton pump(More)
The high pH state of Chara plasmalemma (Bisson, M.A., Walker, N.A. 1980. J. Membrane Biol. 56:1-7) was investigated to obtain detailed current-voltage (I/V) and conductance-voltage (G/V) characteristics in the pH range 7.5 to 12. The resting conductance started to increase at a pH as low as 8.5, doubling at pH 9.5, but the most notable increases occurred(More)
We have obtained and modeled the electrical characteristics of the plasma membrane of Chara internodal cells: intact, without turgor and perfused with and without ATP. The cells were voltage and space-clamped to obtain the I/V (current-voltage) and G/V (conductance-voltage) profiles of the cell membrane. The intact cells yielded similar I/V characteristics(More)
The electrophysiological properties of cytoplasm-rich fragments (single membrane samples) prepared from internodal cells of Chara corallina were explored in conjunction with K(+)-sensitive microelectrode and current-voltage (I-V) measurements. This system eliminated the problem of the inaccessible cytoplasmic layer, while preserving many of the electrical(More)
Lamprothamnium is a salt-tolerant charophyte that inhabits a broad range of saline environments. The electrical characteristics of Lamprothamnium cell membranes were modeled in environments of different salinity: full seawater (SW), 0.5 SW, 0.4 SW, and 0.2 SW. The cells were voltage-clamped to obtain the I/V (current-voltage) and G/V (conductance-voltage)(More)
The dependence of the Ca++-activated Cl- channels on potential difference (PD) was extracted from current-voltage (I/V) profiles recorded at the time of hypotonic regulation while the large conductance (G) K+ channels were blocked by tetraethylammonium (TEA). The total clamp current (I) was dominated by the Cl- I, i(Cl), with small contribution from the(More)
Ventricaria ventricosa and its relatives have intrigued cell biologists and electrophysiologists for over a hundred years. Historically, electrophysiologists have regarded V. ventricosa as a large single plant cell with unusual characteristics including a small and positive vacuole-to-outside membrane potential difference. However, V. ventricosa has a(More)
Mechanosensitive (MS) ion channels are activated by mechanical stress and then transduce this information into electrical signals. These channels are involved in the growth, development and response to environmental stress in higher plants. Detailed analyses of the electrophysiology in higher plants are difficult because such plants are composed of complex(More)
Chara australis cells exposed to media of pH 10 and above exhibit high conductance, arising from the opening of H⁺/OH⁻ channels in the plasma membrane. This high conductance can be totally inhibited by 1.0 mm ZnCl₂ and restored by 0.5 mm 2-mercaptoethanol (ME). Important for carbon fixation, H⁺/OH⁻ channels play a key role in cell pH banding. Banding was(More)