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Neutrophils trap and kill bacteria by forming highly decondensed chromatin structures, termed neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). We previously reported that histone hypercitrullination catalyzed by peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4) correlates with chromatin decondensation during NET formation. However, the role of PAD4 in NET-mediated bacterial(More)
The tea polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) has been studied for chronic disease preventive effects, and is marketed as part of many dietary supplements. However, case-reports have associated the use of green tea-based supplements with liver toxicity. We studied the hepatotoxic effects of high dose EGCG in male CF-1 mice. A single dose of EGCG(More)
Bordetellae are important respiratory pathogens that cause pertussis (whooping cough) in humans and analogous diseases in domestic and wild animals. Immunity to Bordetella is poorly understood, in particular the early innate immune responses that contribute to inflammation, pathology, and the subsequent generation of adaptive immunity. Using B.(More)
(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major polyphenol in green tea, has been shown to prevent the development of obesity in rodent models. Here, we examined the effect of EGCG on markers of fat oxidation in high fat-fed C57bl/6J mice. High fat-fed mice treated with 0.32% dietary EGCG for 16 weeks had reduced body weight gain and final body weight(More)
UNLABELLED Potential functional roles for the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-beta/delta (PPARbeta/delta) in skeletal muscle fatty acid catabolism and epithelial carcinogenesis have recently been described. Whereas PPARbeta/delta is expressed in liver, its function in this tissue is less clear. To determine the role of PPARbeta/delta in(More)
There is considerable debate whether peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor beta/delta (PPARbeta/delta) ligands potentiate or suppress colon carcinogenesis. Whereas administration of a PPARbeta ligand causes increased small intestinal tumorigenesis in Apc(min/+) mice, PPARbeta-null (Pparb-/-) mice exhibit increased colon polyp multiplicity in colon(More)
Inflammation is a hallmark of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that involves macrophages. Given the inverse link between selenium (Se) status and IBD-induced inflammation, our objective was to demonstrate that selenoproteins in macrophages were essential to suppress proinflammatory mediators, in part, by the modulation of arachidonic acid metabolism. Acute(More)
It has been suggested that obese individuals have a blunted growth hormone (GH) response to spontaneous and stimulated GH secretion. The present study was designed to examine the effects of a high-volume, whole body acute resistance exercise (RE) protocol on immunoreactive GH (iGH), bioactive GH (bGH), and GH-binding protein (GHBP) in sedentary lean and(More)
Eradicating cancer stem-like cells (CSC) may be essential to fully eradicate cancer. Metabolic changes in CSC could hold a key to their targeting. Here, we report that the dietary micronutrient selenium can trigger apoptosis of CSC derived from chronic or acute myelogenous leukemias when administered at supraphysiologic but nontoxic doses. In leukemia CSC,(More)
Prolonged administration of peroxisome proliferators to rodents typically leads to hepatocarcinogenesis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) is required to mediate alterations in PPARalpha target gene expression, repress apoptosis, enhance replicative DNA synthesis, oxidative stress to DNA and hepatocarcinogenesis induced by the(More)