Mary J. Emond

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We propose in this paper a unified approach for testing the association between rare variants and phenotypes in sequencing association studies. This approach maximizes power by adaptively using the data to optimally combine the burden test and the nonburden sequence kernel association test (SKAT). Burden tests are more powerful when most variants in a(More)
To determine the role of reactive oxygen species in mammalian longevity, we generated transgenic mice that overexpress human catalase localized to the peroxisome, the nucleus, or mitochondria (MCAT). Median and maximum life spans were maximally increased (averages of 5 months and 5.5 months, respectively) in MCAT animals. Cardiac pathology and cataract(More)
Exome sequencing - the targeted sequencing of the subset of the human genome that is protein coding - is a powerful and cost-effective new tool for dissecting the genetic basis of diseases and traits that have proved to be intractable to conventional gene-discovery strategies. Over the past 2 years, experimental and analytical approaches relating to exome(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with ulcerative colitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis are at high risk for colonic dysplasia and cancer. This risk approaches 50% after 25 years of colitis. Ursodiol has been shown to protect against development of colorectal neoplasia in animal models. OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between ursodiol use and colonic(More)
It is well established that the progression to human cancer is characterized by the evolution of clones of cells with accumulated genetic abnormalities. However, technical difficulties limit the ability to study this process in some premalignant and malignant conditions. For example, the progression to esophageal adenocarcinoma in the premalignant condition(More)
The mechanisms through which leptin, the protein product of the ob gene, affects food intake remain to be determined. To assess whether the actions of leptin depend on modulation of within-meal satiety signals, we measured the effect of third ventricular leptin administration on the satiety actions of CCK. Leptin (10 micrograms) administered 1 h before(More)
Increased 4N (G2/tetraploid) cell populations have been postulated to be genetically unstable intermediates in the progression to many cancers, but the mechanism by which they develop and their relationship to instability have been difficult to investigate in humans in vivo. Barrett's esophagus is an excellent model system in which to investigate the order(More)
The chromosome 8p11-12 Werner syndrome (WRN ) locus encodes a RecQ helicase protein of unknown function that possesses both 3' --> 5' helicase and 3' --> 5' exonuclease activities. We show that WRN cell lines display a marked reduction in cell proliferation following mitotic recombination, and generate few viable gene conversion-type recombinants. These(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Mild to moderate hepatic iron loading is common in patients with chronic hepatitis C. We sought to determine whether mutations in the hemochromatosis gene, HFE, are associated with iron overload and acceleration of disease progression in hepatitis C patients. METHODS A total of 316 patients with chronic hepatitis C were studied: 198(More)
Ulcerative colitis, a chronic inflammatory disease of the colon, is associated with a high risk of colorectal carcinoma that is thought to develop through genomic instability. We considered that the rapid cell turnover and oxidative injury observed in ulcerative colitis might accelerate telomere shortening, thereby increasing the potential of chromosomal(More)