Mary J Druse

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Female rats were pair-fed control or ethanol liquid diets on a chronic basis prior to parturition. Six brain regions (hypothalamus, cerebellum, brain stem, cortex, corpus striatum, and hippocampus) were dissected from 19- and 35-day-old rat offspring for the determination of dopamine (DA), serotonin (5-HT), 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC),(More)
Previous work in this laboratory demonstrated that the 19- and 35-day-old offspring of ethanol-fed rats have a significant deficiency of cortical serotonin (5-HT) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), as well as a decrease in the number of total 5-HT1 receptors in the motor and somatosensory cortex. The present studies extend our previous reports by(More)
Prior research in this laboratory has shown that in utero ethanol exposure adversely affects the development of serotonergic neurons. The current study investigated the hypothesis that cortical astrocytes produce trophic factors which are essential for the development of the fetal precursors of serotonergic and other raphe neurons (e.g. rhombencephalic(More)
Previously, this laboratory showed that in utero and in vitro ethanol exposure significantly reduces developing serotonin (5-HT) neurons and that treatment with a 5-HT1A agonist such as buspirone or ipsapirone prevents the ethanol-associated loss. The present study investigated whether ethanol decreases fetal rhombencephalic neurons, including 5-HT neurons,(More)
Earlier studies from this and other laboratories show that ethanol induces apoptotic death of fetal and neonatal neurons. One mechanism that underlies these effects is the ethanol-associated reduction in the phosphatidylinositol 3' kinase pro-survival pathway. Another mechanism involves the oxidative stress caused by the ethanol-associated increase in(More)
It is well known that ethanol damages the developing nervous system by augmenting apoptosis. Previously, this laboratory reported that ethanol augments apoptosis in fetal rhombencephalic neurons, and that the increased apoptosis is associated with reduced activity of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase pathway and downstream expression of pro-survival genes.(More)
Aging and chronic alcohol consumption are each accompanied by significant changes in dopamine and dopamine receptors. This study extended previous work by investigating the combined effects of chronic alcoholism and aging on total dopamine D2 receptors in brain areas associated with the nigrostriatal and mesocorticolimbic systems. In addition, the effects(More)
This laboratory previously demonstrated that in utero ethanol exposure markedly impairs the development of the serotonergic system in rat brain. Developmental abnormalities could be detected as early as G15 in the brainstem and G19 in the cortex. Because of the importance of fetal serotonin (5-HT) and 5-HT1A receptors for the normal development of 5-HT(More)
Previously, this laboratory demonstrated that ethanol reduces the number of developing serotonin (5-HT)-containing neurons by increasing apoptosis. We also found that 5-HT(1A) agonists attenuate the proapoptotic effects of ethanol and the ethanol-mediated reduction of fetal 5-HT neurons. These neuroprotective effects are mediated in part by the ability of(More)