Mary J Blonski

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Activation of microglia by LPS leads to an induction of cytokine and NO release, reduced proliferation and increased outward K(+) conductance, the latter involving the activation of Kv1.5 and Kv1.3 channels. We studied the role of these channels for microglial function using two strategies to interfere with channel expression, a Kv1.5 knockout (Kv1.5(-/-))(More)
BACKGROUND Podocyte loss contributes to the development of glomerulosclerosis. Although podocytes have been detected in the urine in certain glomerular diseases, the viability of detached cells is not known. METHODS Urine was collected from rats with experimental membranous nephropathy [passive Heymann nephritis (PHN) model], centrifuged, and following(More)
Apoptosis is closely linked to proliferation. In this study we showed that inducing apoptosis in mouse mesangial cells with ultraviolet (UV) irradiation was associated with increased cyclin A-cyclin dependent kinase (CDK) 2 activity. Inhibiting CDK2 activity with Roscovitine or dominant negative mutant reduced apoptosis. Because apoptosis typically begins(More)
BACKGROUND A decrease in podocyte number contributes to the development of glomerulosclerosis in diabetic nephropathy. Although podocytes have been detected in the urine in certain glomerular diseases, their viability is poorly understood. METHODS Diabetes was induced in rats with streptozotocin. Urine was collected from control rats (given citrate), and(More)
BACKGROUND Glomerular capillary hypertension, a common denominator in various forms of progressive glomerular disease, results in mechanical distention of the capillary tuft, and subsequent injury of the overlying podocyte layer. The mechanisms by which elevated intraglomerular pressure is translated into a maladaptive podocyte response remain poorly(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanical stretch, a consequence of capillary glomerular hypertension, is thought to be the common final pathway for glomerulosclerosis in systemic hypertension, diabetes, reduced nephron number and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. However, the effects of stretch on podocyte growth and the mechanisms that underlie this have not been(More)
Podocytes are highly specialized and terminally differentiated glomerular cells that play a vital role in renal physiology, including the prevention of proteinuria. Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) has been shown to influence several cellular processes in other terminally differentiated cells, in particular neurons. In this study, we examined the role of(More)
Podocytes are considered terminally differentiated cells in the mature kidney under normal conditions. In the face of injury, podocytes may proceed along several possible pathways, including dedifferentiation and proliferation, persistent cell cycle arrest, hypertrophy, apoptosis, or necrosis. There is mounting evidence that transdifferentiation into a(More)
BACKGROUND Passive Heymann nephritis (PHN), the best characterized animal model of experimental membranous nephropathy, is characterized by subepithelial immune deposits, podocyte foot processes effacement and massive proteinuria beginning 4 days following disease induction. Although single genes involved in PHN have been studied, no whole genome-wide(More)
The proliferative response of podocytes to injury determines the histological phenotype. Moreover, an apparent lack of podocyte proliferation may underlie the development of glomerulosclerosis. Podocyte proliferation is closely linked with its state of differentiation. However, the mechanisms regulating these processes are not fully elucidated. Because(More)