Mary I Townsley

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We have previously implicated calcium entry through stretch-activated cation channels in initiating the acute pulmonary vascular permeability increase in response to high peak inflation pressure (PIP) ventilation. However, the molecular identity of the channel is not known. We hypothesized that the transient receptor potential vanilloid-4 (TRPV4) channel(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) derived from arachidonic acid via P-450 epoxygenases are soluble factors linking depletion of endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) stores and store-dependent regulation of endothelial cell (EC) permeability in rat lung. EC permeability was measured via the capillary filtration coefficient(More)
RATIONALE In chronic heart failure, the lung endothelial permeability response to angiotensin II or thapsigargin-induced store depletion is ablated, although the mechanisms are not understood. OBJECTIVES To determine whether the ablated permeability response to store depletion during heart failure was due to impaired expression of store operated Ca2+(More)
In previous studies, blockade or gene deletion of either myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) or the mechanogated transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channel attenuated mechanical lung injury. To determine their effects on calcium entry, rat pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (RPMVEC) were labeled with fluo-4 and calcium entry initiated with(More)
We previously showed that pacing-induced heart failure in dogs results in an enhancement of pulmonary vascular reactivity. In the present study we hypothesized that enhanced matrix deposition and structural remodeling of lung resistance microvessels would underlie these functional changes. Using biochemical measures, we found no difference in the normalized(More)
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