Mary I Dallas

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OBJECTIVE This study evaluated whether tailored cognitive-behavioral therapy (TCBT) that incorporated preferences for learning specific cognitive and/or behavioral skills and used motivational enhancement strategies would improve treatment engagement and participation compared with standard CBT (SCBT). We hypothesized that participants receiving TCBT would(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to determine whether a commercially available pedometer could detect changes in home-based walking activity among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients completing pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). METHODS Patients with COPD referred to outpatient PR wore a pedometer to count steps for 1 week at the(More)
A clear case has been made for using clinical IT to improve medication safety, particularly bar-code point-of-care medication administration and computerized practitioner order entry (CPOE) with clinical decision support. The equally important role of automation has been overlooked. When the two are tightly integrated, with pharmacy information serving as a(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Stroke survivors are commonly dependent in activities of daily living; however, the relation between prestroke mobility impairment and poststroke outcomes is poorly understood. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the association between prestroke mobility impairment and 4 poststroke outcomes. The secondary objective(More)
BACKGROUND The "Diagnosis and Treatment of Sleep Apnea in Cerebrovascular Disease" (GoToSleep) study is evaluating a strategy to improve the diagnosis and treatment of sleep apnea among veterans with stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) who also have hypertension. Specifically, the GoToSleep study was designed to overcome some of the barriers that(More)
BACKGROUND Falls are common after stroke. Simple, clinically practical tools are needed to easily identify patients with stroke who are at risk of falls. The objective of this study was to identify the factors associated with increased fall risk in a poststroke population. METHODS We assessed factors associated with fall risk among poststroke patients.(More)
Challenges adapting to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy are largely unexplored in patients with stroke or transient ischemic attack. This study, nested within a randomized controlled trial of CPAP use, employed qualitative methods to explore challenges and motivators related to CPAP at two time points: prior to initiating therapy and at a(More)
Falls are a serious medical complication following stroke. The objectives of this study were to (1) confirm the prevalence of falls among patients with stroke during acute hospitalization, (2) identify factors associated with falls during the acute stay, and (3) examine whether in-hospital falls were associated with loss of function after stroke (new(More)
BACKGROUND Managing cerebrovascular risk factors is complex and difficult. The objective of this program evaluation was to assess the effectiveness of an outpatient Multidisciplinary Stroke Clinic model for the clinical management of veterans with cerebrovascular disease or cerebrovascular risk factors. METHODS The Multidisciplinary Stroke Clinic provided(More)
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