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Newly available gas analyzers based on off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy (OA-ICOS) lasers have been advocated as an alternative to conventional isotope-ratio mass spectrometers (IRMS) for the stable isotopic analysis of water samples. In the case of H2O, OA-ICOS is attractive because it has comparatively low capital and maintenance costs, the(More)
Molecular oxygen (O2) in unsaturated geologic sediments plays an important role in soil respiration, biodegradation of organic contaminants, metal oxidation, and global oxygen and carbon cycling, yet little is known about oxygen isotope fractionation during the consumption and transport of O2 in unsaturated zones. We used a laboratory kinetic cell technique(More)
Microbiological analyses were conducted on core samples collected along a vertical profile (0-66 m below surface) from the tailings management facility (TMF) at the Rabbit Lake uranium mine in northern Saskatchewan, Canada. Bacterial numbers in the core materials were similar to surrounding soils and surface waters, regardless of the seemingly unfavorable(More)
A mill-scale hydrometallurgical experiment (2700 m3 of effluent treated/day) was conducted for three months at the Rabbit Lake uranium mine site located in northern Saskatchewan, Canada, to determine the controls on the solubility of dissolved arsenic over a pH range of 1-11 and to develop a thermodynamic database for the dominant mineralogical controls on(More)
Nitrate contamination of aquifers is a global agricultural problem. Agricultural beneficial management practices (BMPs) are often promoted as a means to reduce nitrate contamination in aquifers through producer optimized management of inorganic fertilizer and animal manure inputs. In this study, decadal trends (1991-2004) in nitrate concentrations in(More)
Acidic drainage (pH 0.4-1.0) from oxidizing elemental sulfur (S(0)) blocks is an environmental concern in regions where S(0) is stockpiled. In this study, the locations, controls, and rates of H(2)SO(4) production in commercial-scale S(0) blocks ( approximately 1-2 x 10(6) m(3)) in northern Alberta, Canada, were estimated. In situ modeling of O(2)(More)
Microbial respiration rates were determined through a 3.2 m thick, sandy unsaturated zone in a 2.4 m diameter x 4.6 m high mesocosm. The mesocosm was maintained under near constant temperature (18 degrees to 23 degrees C) and reached steady moisture content conditions after several hundred days. Soil-gas CO2 concentrations in the mesocosm ranged from 0.09%(More)
A new H2O(liquid)-H2O(vapor) pore water equilibration and laser spectroscopy method provides a fast way to obtain accurate high resolution deltaD and delta18O profiles from single core samples from saturated and unsaturated geologic media. The precision and accuracy of the H2O(liquid)-H2O(vapor) equilibration method was comparable to or better than(More)
A comprehensive understanding of the transport and geochemical processes controlling solutes in clay-rich aquitard confining units is needed to accurately predict the long-term migration of contaminants into the subsurface. To this end, the geochemical and stable isotopic composition of porewaters in the upper 22 m of a thick, unoxidized and nonfractured(More)
The impact of bacteria-solid and bacteria-bacteria interactions on the transport of Klebsiella oxytoca, Burkholderia cepacia G4PR1, and Pseudomonas sp. #5 was investigated in saturated sand column experiments (L = 114 mm; ø = 33 mm) under constant water velocities (∼ 5 cm · h(-1)). Bacterial strains were injected into the columns as pulses either(More)