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AIMS To summarize current knowledge on the etiology, assessment, and management of urinary incontinence (UI) in frail older persons. "Frail" here indicates a person with a clinical phenotype combining impaired physical activity, mobility, muscle strength, cognition, nutrition, and endurance, associated with being homebound or in care institutions and a high(More)
The purposes of this article are to discuss continence in older adults from a public health perspective, to expand a previously reported conceptual model of continence health promotion, and to provide a primary prevention focus to nursing research efforts regarding continence. The conceptual model shows that there has been a strong interest in secondary and(More)
AIM This paper is a report of analysis of the concept of women's toileting behaviour related to urinary elimination. BACKGROUND Behaviours related to emptying urine from the bladder can contribute to bladder health problems. Evidence exists that clinical interventions focusing on specific behaviours that promote urine storage and controlled emptying are(More)
The benefits of regular exercise for older adults are well documented and include improvements in physical, functional, as well as psychological, health. The purpose of this descriptive study was to test a theoretically and empirically based model describing the factors that influence exercise behaviour of older adults in the United States of America. The(More)
Incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) is an inflammation of the skin that occurs when urine or stool comes into contact with perineal or perigenital skin. Little research has focused on IAD, resulting in significant gaps in our understanding of its epidemiology, natural history, etiology, and pathophysiology. A growing number of studies have examined(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence and remission rates of daytime urinary incontinence (UI) in a cohort of newly admitted nursing home (NH) residents. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Eight proprietary NHs in Maryland. SUBJECTS Four hundred thirty new admissions age 65 or older who were participants in a larger prospective study of mental(More)
Prompted voiding is an effective intervention for the improvement of continence in long-term care. This study investigated certified nursing assistants' (CNAs) perceptions of incontinence etiologies, as well as perceived barriers to prompted voiding implementation. A questionnaire was administered to CNAs in 23 long-term care facilities. Data analysis was(More)
Secondary data analysis was conducted from a longitudinal nursing home study to identify nonurologic risk factors for continence outcomes at 1 year after admission. Of 434 nursing home admissions, 196 subjects (45%) remained. At 1 year prevalence of incontinence was 43.8%. Age was not associated with prevalence or incidence. Risk factors identified were of(More)