Mary H. Kalfoss

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The aim of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the Polish WHOQOL - Bref in a sample of 908 respondents. The Bref is a generic quality of life (QoL) instrument designed for cross - cultural use. Correlational and multivariate analyses confirmed the relevancy of individual items and domains supporting the construct validity of the scale.(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have emphasized the importance of coping in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In other medical conditions, inadequate coping is associated with higher levels of psychological distress. Therefore, the types of coping strategies that patients use may also influence the distress that accompanies an acute(More)
BACKGROUND Knowledge of what may influence patients' perceptions of quality of life is essential for improving nursing interventions, but there has been little research on the influence of psychological distress on health status and quality of life among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. AIM This paper reports a study whose aim was to(More)
The purpose of this paper was to describe quality of life (QoL) following an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and to examine possible relationships between QoL, health status, psychological distress and QoL. This prospective longitudinal study examined data from hospitalization and two subsequent phases, collected over a(More)
We compared the quality of life (QOL) of older adults in a post-communist country (the Czech Republic) with those living in traditional western democracies. The sample comprised 1981 respondents aged 60+ (from 60 to 99). The subjective QOL was measured using the WHOQOL-BREF and the add-on module for older adults, the WHOQOL-OLD. The findings showed higher(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of the Norwegian WHOQOL-OLD six-facet, 24-item module designed for assessing generic quality of life cross-culturally among the elderly. Using quota-stratified sampling defined on the basis of sex, age and geographical representation, 401 respondents were drawn from Statistics Norway and(More)
Method The Norwegian sample consisted of 57 adults registered with the Norwegian Association of SB and Hydrocephalus. Adults included 38 females and 19 males, mean age 31.8 years (17 – 54 years). The Oregon sample included 34 adults attending the Child Development Rehabilitation Center, at Oregon Health Science University. Adults included 15 females and 19(More)
The aim of the present study was to adapt the Jalowiec Coping Scale (JCS) to accommodate adult patients with psoriasis. The sample comprised 334 patients who were treated consecutively at three dermatology departments in the eastern Norway. A total number of 273 hospitalised patients (20) and out-patients (80) completed the questionnaire, yielding a(More)
The aim of this study was to explore how depressive symptoms, physical function, health satisfaction, age, and environmental conditions predict quality of life (QoL) in a conceptual model based on the Wilson and Cleary's Model (WCM). A stratified sample by age, gender, and living area was drawn from the Norwegian population of older adults receiving(More)
To describe the relative importance of 38 facets of quality of life (QOL) to older adults in 22 countries, by gender, age group, and health status. A secondary analysis of data was conducted from the WHOQOL-Old pilot study. Questionnaires were distributed by mail or in person. Independent t-tests for differences between means were calculated between(More)