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BACKGROUND The clinical importance of the meniscal posterior root attachments has been recently reported by both biomechanical and clinical studies. Although several studies have been performed to evaluate surgical techniques, there have been few studies on the quantitative arthroscopically pertinent anatomy of the posterior meniscal root attachments. (More)
BACKGROUND Recent investigations have described the structural and functional behavior of the anterolateral ligament (ALL) of the knee through pull-apart and isolated sectioning studies. However, the secondary stabilizing role of the ALL in the setting of a complete anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear has not been fully defined for common simulated(More)
BACKGROUND Recent publications have described significant variability in the femoral attachment and overall anatomy of the anterolateral ligament (ALL). Additionally, there is a paucity of data describing its structural properties. PURPOSE Quantitative data characterizing the anatomic and radiographic locations and the structural properties of the ALL may(More)
The development of clinical skills for nursing students is a critical component of any undergraduate nursing program. Providing sufficient quality experience for students to develop competence has been recognised as a problem in skill acquisition. At the same time, peer learning has been identified as a valuable strategy for teaching and learning. Nurse(More)
Proximal hamstring tears represent a challenge. Surgical repair of such tears has been reported utilizing both open and endoscopic techniques. It was hypothesized that the proximal attachments of the hamstring muscle group could be reproducibly and consistently measured from pertinent bony anatomical reference landmarks. Fourteen fresh-frozen, human(More)
BACKGROUND Recent biomechanical studies have demonstrated that an extra-articular lateral knee structure, most recently referred to as the anterolateral ligament (ALL), contributes to overall rotational stability of the knee. However, the effect of anatomic ALL reconstruction (ALLR) in the setting of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR)(More)
BACKGROUND Arthroscopic identification of the anteromedial (AM) and posterolateral (PL) bundle locations of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has facilitated an improved quantitative description of ACL anatomy. Few studies have directly compared the biomechanical laxity of anatomic single-bundle (SB) versus anatomic double-bundle (DB) ACL reconstruction(More)
BACKGROUND The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is composed of 2 functional bundles and has an essential role in knee function and stability. There is, however, a limited understanding of the role of each individual bundle through the full range of knee flexion. HYPOTHESIS Both bundles provide restraint to posterior tibial translation across a full range(More)
BACKGROUND Lateral ankle sprains are common sports injuries that may require surgery for chronic lateral ankle instability. Anatomic repair or reconstruction is desired, yet there is a scarcity of quantitative information regarding the origins and insertions of the lateral ligaments related to surgically pertinent osseous landmarks. METHODS Fourteen ankle(More)
BACKGROUND Currently, no consensus exists for the optimal graft fixation angle for anatomic single-bundle (SB) posterior cruciate ligament reconstructions (PCLRs). Additionally, direct graft forces have not been measured. Alternative graft fixation angles and the resultant graft forces should be investigated to optimize the stability of SB PCLRs without(More)