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Lesioned axons within the dorsal roots fail to regenerate through the peripheral nerve transition zone and into the spinal cord. This regenerative failure leads to a persistent loss of sensory function. To induce axonal growth across this barrier, we used recombinant adenovirus to express fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2), nerve growth factor (NGF), L1 cell(More)
Genetic transfer of growth-promoting molecules was proposed as a potential strategy to modify the nonpermissive nature of the adult CNS to induce axonal regeneration. To evaluate whether overexpression of neurotrophins or cellular adhesion molecules would effect axonal plasticity, adenoviruses encoding fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2/Adts), nerve growth(More)
BACKGROUND In heart failure, the cardiovascular response to activation of the skeletal muscle exercise pressor reflex (EPR) is exaggerated. Group IV afferent neurons, primarily stimulated by the metabolic by-products of skeletal muscle work, contribute significantly to the EPR. Therefore, it was postulated that alterations in the activity of group IV(More)
GPR7 and GPR8 are orphan G protein-coupled receptors that are highly similar to each other. These receptors are expressed predominantly in brain, suggesting roles in central nervous system function. We have purified an endogenous peptide ligand for GPR7 from bovine hypothalamus extracts. This peptide, termed neuropeptide B (NPB), has a C-6-brominated(More)
Neuropeptide B (NPB) and neuropeptide W (NPW) have been recently identified as ligands for the G protein-coupled receptor (GPR) 7 and GPR8. The precise in vivo role of this neuropeptide-receptor pathway has not been fully demonstrated. In this paper, we report that NPB-deficient mice manifest a mild adult-onset obesity, similar to that reported in GPR7-null(More)
Several indices of peptidergic, primary afferent neural transmission in rat at the level of the lumbar spinal cord exhibited differential changes over time in response to adjuvant-induced inflammation of the hindpaw. The indices were measurements of the production of messenger RNA encoding the precursors for substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide(More)
Arterial baroreceptor and skeletal muscle receptor afferents relay sensory information to the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) during exercise. Previous studies have suggested that skeletal muscle afferent input inhibits baroreflex function; however, detailed information on the role of muscle afferents and GABAergic mechanisms in the NTS is limited.(More)
The results of behavioral studies suggest that nitric oxide (NO) participates in certain spinal mechanisms that contribute to hyperalgesia. Additionally, previous studies indicate that the release of immunoreactive calcitonin gene-related peptide (iCGRP) and substance P (iSP) is increased in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord during hyperalgesia. Therefore,(More)
1. The purpose of this investigation was to determine if activation of the exercise pressor reflex in the decerebrate rat induced circulatory responses comparable to those reported in large mammalian species. 2. To activate both mechanically and metabolically sensitive afferent fibres, static hindlimb contractions were induced by stimulating the cut ends of(More)
In vitro superfusion was used to examine the effect of inflammation on the release of immunoreactive calcitonin gene-related peptide (iCGRP) and substance P(iSP) from the dorsal horn of rats. Three hours after carrageenan, hindpaws exhibited hyperalgesia, edema, and hyperthermia. Spontaneous and capsaicin-evoked release of iCGRP and iSP were significantly(More)